Piles, which can also be called hemorrhoids, are collections of inflamed tissue in the anal canal.
Mist individuals have piles, but the symptoms are not always obvious. The size of hemorrhoids vary and can be positioned inside or outside the anus. Piles are collections of tissue and vain become inflamed and swollen. They consist of blood cells, muscles, elastic fibers, and support tissues.
The consequences of chronic diarrhea, chronic constipation, lifting heavy weights, pregnancy, or straining when defecating. Piles are graded on a scale of I to IV, depending on their severity.
Hemorrhoids I are mild, with hemorrhoids IV being the most severe. Grade I and II are internal piles because they are located inside and above the opening of the anus. Grade III and IV are called external piles and occur on the outside edge of the anus.
Piles carry a lot of discomfort such as pains, itchiness, sores, a feeling of fullness, and defecating blood. Piles escalate into a more severe condition if left untreated. They may include anemia, infections, anal fistula, fecal inconsistency, and blood clots.
Piles are classified into four grades, as mentioned earlier. A treatment approach towards hemorrhoids is determined by its grading. These grades include:
There are small inflammations inside the lining of the anus. They are not visible.
Larger than the former. Although they remain inside the anus, they may get pushed out during bowel movement, but return on their own.
They are known as prolapsed hemorrhoids and they appear outside the anus and can be felt hanging from the rectum. This grade of piles can be easily unseated into the anus.
They hang outside the anus and cannot be pushed back inside the rectum. They also need urgent treatment.
External piles are very itchy and painful, especially when blood clots develop. They form small lumps on the periphery of the anus. Thrombosed (piles that form blood clots) hemorrhoids require immediate medical treatment.
The first step of tackling the problem is addressing its cause. As earlier stated, the causes of hemorrhoids include:
Treating a disorder without a diagnosis can be likened to a driver carrying luggage without knowing its content. He may become a victim in the hands of law enforcement officers. In that manner, getting a diagnosis is a requirement before treating piles or any other medical health condition.
The diagnosis of hemorrhoids is a very simple one. It includes:
The physician will ask for your:
He will go ahead to perform rectal exams.
This brings us back to the point: what is the best treatment for piles? The best treatment, however, depends on the patient or severity.
Treatments of piles differ and are of different kinds. These include the below:
The ‘Do Nots’ include:
Natural medicine is one branch of medicine that had been sidelined over the years. This is probably because of its unreliable unit of measurement. Be it may, herbal medicine has continued to wax strong over the years with proof of intervention in some hopeless health situations.
Recent researches and scientific approaches in herbal medicine have given rise to herbal supplements from Switzerland, China, India, and Africa, as well as other parts of the globe. Today, stem cell has been used in finding solutions to multi disorders including hemorrhoids.
Food supplements have played a great role in nutrition, hence, overall human health. A great percentage of health disorders are a result of one deficiency or the other.
Stem cells have been reported to render a cure to piles. This may be due to its ability to replace dead cells, rejuvenate old cells, repair damaged cells, restore sick cells and replicate good cells.
The ability of a stem cell to take up the form of any cell in the body offers a great advantage in the body’s metabolic processes. Stem cells provide new cells for the body as it grows, and it replaces specialized cells that are damaged or lost. Two unique properties enable them to do this:
Some cells have the potential to develop into many different types of cells in the body. They serve as a repair system for the body. There are two types of stem cells: adult and embryonic.
The primary function of adult stem cells are:
Embryonic stem cells are the type of stem cells derived from embryos (4–5 days old). They have the ability for self-renewal and they differentiate into every type of cell in the body.
Stem cells are mystery cells of the body. They can give a lasting solution to hemorrhoids and their various discomforts.
Some effective medications which may be used to tackle piles include all of the below:
4) Medical Procedures
This is a non-surgical procedure and a hospital treatment. Your doctor will advise you on the best option. Such options may include all or some of the below:
The best procedure for the treatment of piles, so far, has been proven to be the surgical method of treatment, bringing us to the main point of this article.
Your doctor may recommend a surgical procedure to remove your hemorrhoids. This procedure may include one of the following options:
Although surgery is the most preferred option, it is cost-intensive and involves higher risk. You may also need to stay in a hospital bed for more than a day.
Operation is usually done in a surgery center. Surgery can be done with a knife (medically known as scalpel), a tool that uses electricity (known by surgeons as cemetery pencil), or a laser.
Typical recovery takes about 2–3 weeks. After the surgery, when you are still under anesthesia, you will be given a long and active local anesthetic that will last 6–12 hours to provide pain relief after surgery.
You will be kept on the hospital bed until the following day until the effect of the anesthetic is over and you have urinated. Someone should drive you home.
Pain is likely after surgery, and you’ll be given some pain relief drugs to be taken as prescribed. Some bleeding is normal, especially with the first bowel movement after surgery.
Drink liquids and eat a blank diet (plain rice, dry toast or crackers, bananas, as well as applesauce) for a few days after surgery. Apply for numbing medicine before and after defecating, to relieve pain. Relieve pain and muscle spasms by frequent soaks in warm water or sitz bath.
Take antibiotics (such as metronidazole) after surgery, to prevent infection and reduce pain. You may take poop softeners to avoid straining during a bowel movement. Go for follow-up examinations, at least 2–3 weeks after surgery.
Long-term success depends on how well you can change your daily bowel habits to avoid constipation and straining. About five out of a hundred (5:100) people have hemorrhoids return after surgery.
Pain, bleeding and urinary retention are common side effects. Other related risks include the below:
Note that surgery is not recommended for small internal piles.
Hemorrhoids may reoccur after nonsurgical treatments take place, about 50% of the time, while there is only a 5% chance of piles reoccurring after surgery. So far, the death toll has not been associated with pikes, except linked with other medical complications.
However, two patients have sure after the operation (a rare case). The most frequent complications after the surgical procedures were pain (71%) and urinary retention (16.4%). Hemorrhages (heavy release of blood within or from the body) resulting in a re-operation occurred in only 1% of the cases.
The cost of this treatment ranges from $3000 to $6000. One may shop and compare prices to save costs or expenditures. But competent and reputable clinic should be able to be a guide. This cost includes an external and/or internal piles removal surgery for single or more columns/groups.