Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a lasting situation where the acid from the stomach comes up into the oesophagus.
Several people occasionally experience gastro-oesophageal reflux (GER). However, if a person experiences persistent acid reflux that occurs more than twice a week, GERD may be diagnosed. In other words, GERD is a long-term, regular occurrence of GER.
What are the acid reflux foods to avoid in GERD?
There are certain foods and beverages that can exacerbate GERD symptoms, together with heartburn and a sour taste from regurgitation.
Some foods to avoid in GERD include:
Items such as fatty foods, chocolate, peppermint and alcohol are thought to worsen GERD symptoms by means of relaxing the lower oesophageal sphincter (LES), the ring of muscle that separates the stomach from the oesophagus. This enables contents from the stomach to enter the oesophagus, thereby causing heartburn.
Items such as tomatoes and citrus fruits are believed to aggravate GERD symptoms by increasing the acidity of the stomach. They are also capable of irritating the damaged lining of the oesophagus.
Carbonated beverages can increase the acidity along with the pressure in the stomach, thereby making it much easier for stomach acid to push through the lower oesophageal sphincter and flow up into the oesophagus.
Chocolate may prove to be one of the worst foods for people with GERD since it contains high levels of fat as well as caffeine.
Fatty foods are also problematic. Examples include high-fat dairy products, fatty cuts of meat and processed meats like hot dogs and luncheon meat.
It should be known that different people will have different reactions to individual foods. So one should pay attention to the diets consumed, and if a food or beverage leads to heartburn, it’s best to avoid it.
What are the GERD symptoms?
Common GERD symptoms include:
If night-time acid reflux occurs, the following might be experienced:
What are GERD causes?
GERD is a result of frequent acid reflux.
When food is swallowed, a circular band of muscle around the bottom of the oesophagus, the lower oesophageal sphincter, relaxes to allow food and liquid flow into the stomach. Then it closes afterwards.
If the sphincter is weak or relaxes abnormally, the acid in the stomach can flow back up into the oesophagus. This persistent backwash of acid irritates the lining of the oesophagus, often triggering it to become inflamed.
Are there any risk factors for GERD?
Certain conditions can increase the risk of GERD:
Factors that can aggravate acid reflux are:
What are the likely complications from GERD?
Over time, chronic inflammation in the oesophagus can lead to: