What is Heart Transplant?
Heart transplantation, or a Cardiac transplant, is the process of replacing a weak and failing heart with a strong and healthy heart from a donor through surgery. A heart transplant is a major surgery and It is done when other ways to manage the heart are not working.
The heart is a muscular organ found behind the breastbone. It is the size of a first and moves slightly to the left. It pumps blood that is used by the body cells for its survival through:
Reasons for Heart Transplantation
Heart Transplantation is mostly recommended when the diseased heart is not responding to other medications and management processes, leading to heart failure.
What is heart failure?
Heart failure occurs when the heart can no longer carry out its main function of pumping blood for circulation in the body. Heart failure occurs when the artery or arteries of the heart gets narrowed or blocked, as a result, the heart can not pump sufficient blood needed by the body cells for survival and increases the blood pressure In the body.
What causes heart failure?
Heart failure may the causes of the following factors such as:
Criteria for a Heart Transplantation
Before having a heart transplant, certain factors have to be considered. They include:
Preparations and procedures for Heart Transplant?
After picking a good surgeon and hospital—the next step is to undergo series of test to ascertain your state of health. After that, you will be placed on a waiting list to get a matching donor, that is why your life expectancy should at least be a year.
The waiting period is dependent on
You will also have to undergo some psychological and financial counselling.
Prior to the surgery:
In the surgery:
How many hours does a Heart Transplant takes?
A heart transplant may take up to 4-6 hours to perform, depending on how complicated the surgery may turn out to be.
Possible Complications of Heart Transplantation
Complications encountered with heart transplantation may include:
Recovery and Success Rates
Worldwide the survival rate is more than 85 percent after one year and 69 percent after 5 years in the recipient of heart. Survival also is dependent on certain factors but with the advance in medical technologies, mortality rate has reduced as compared to when it actually started.
Can the new heart fail?
It could fail for some reasons which could be age, recipient inability to recover, or primary graft failure. Heart Transplantation is not for everyone and is suggested when other options are not yielding positive results.
Cost of Heart Transplant?
The cost of Heart Transplantation varies in different countries. Most countries do not provide heart transplant for foreigners. India is one of teh very few countries which provide harvested organs to foreigners provided they meet certain laid down criteria.
Where to do a Heart Transplant?
This is a major fact that is very crucial to the success of the transplant. Many countries and hospitals are now capable of performing heart transplant surgeries including the US, Canada, Germany, France, UK, India etc.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
According to a report by Mayo clinic, over an estimates of 85 percent of recipient survival after one year and 69 percent after 5 years. Life expectancy is mostly dependent on the recipient life style, properly following the necessary medications and a positive attitude.
The cost of heart transplant varies from country to country. It ranges from 50,000 $ upto 400,000$.
Most countries do not allow foreigners to receive donor hearts. India is one of the very few country which allows foreigners to register for heart transplant to enable them to receive heart from a donor. There are very strict criteria and requirements for registering and is overseen by a nominated Government Transplant Committee.
It is very possible for heart failure to occur in children and this can be due to congenital heart defect or cardiomyopathy.
Heart Transplantation involves a delicate process with much expertise, hence its cost varies according to the transplant centre involved and also proper medical consultation with your surgeon. Anavara can help you get in contact with reliable surgeons with good experience at an affordable price.
Rejection occurs when the body’s defence system sees the donated heart as a strange material in the body and attacks it. You will be given medications to prevent it.
Rejection could happen without showing symptoms, so you will have to undergo a biopsy of the donated heart. Some symptoms that may show includes shortness of breath, fatigue, urinary difficult, weight gain.etc