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How Does IVF Work?
How Does IVF Work?

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) treatment are a type of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) and common and effective infertility and genetic disorder treatment.

Unlike the sister treatment, intrauterine or artificial insemination, where tested and treated sperm is injected into the uterus for natural conception, IVF involves the fertilization of an egg(s) with sperm in-vitro–that is, outside the body–in a laboratory and when they form, they are placed back into the uterus to continue growing.

The success rate of IVF treatment varies from one woman to another and depends on the age and cause of infertility. According to the American Pregnancy Association (APA), for women from 39 and below, the live birth rate is 41 to 43 percent. But for women from 40 and above, the rate drops to 13 to 18 percent.

This procedure consumes time and is complex, invasive, and very expensive. Statistics show that only 5% of couples with fertility problems seek IVF treatment out.

However, Turkey in recent times has adopted the advanced effective IVF procedure and this treatment is made less expensive in the country compared to the US and the UK. Many foreigners visit the country for the treatment and a high success rate is recorded every year.

What Is In Vitro Fertilization?

IVF treatment is infertility or identical disorder treatment that involves fertilization of a woman's egg with a man's sperm, by joining, attaching, or injecting the sperm into the egg in a laboratory dish. This procedure is done outside the woman's body and once the fertilized egg–embryo–forms, it is placed back into her uterus to keep developing till the day of delivery.

This treatment can be done using you and your partner's eggs and sperm. But there are cases where giving eggs or sperm is not possible due to some reproductive or fertility problems. In this case, you can get a sperm or egg from a known or anonymous donor, which can involve:

  • Your egg and donor sperm.
  • Your sperm and donor egg.
  • Donor egg and donor sperm.

In other cases, you may not be able to carry the embryo due to the risk of age or fertility issues that could put the embryo in danger, then you can get a surrogate–gestational carrier–to carry the developing embryo till birth.

The following are reasons why you may need an IVF treatment:

  • Decreased fertility due to age: women over 40 years.
  • Male infertility such as inadequate sperm function and production, low sperm count, weak sperm concentration and movement, abnormal sperm shape and size, etc.
  • Ovarian function problems which can lead to ovulation disorders.
  • Damage and blockage in the fallopian tube.
  • Uterine fibroid; benign tumors that grow in the uterus.
  • Endometriosis, which occurs when the uterine tissue grows outside the uterus affecting the functions. Of the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes.
  • Pre-tubal sterilization, removal, or ligation, where the fallopian tube is permanently cut, removed, or blocked.
  • Unexplained infertility.
  • Case of cancer.
  • Risk of passing a genetic disorder to your child.
  • When pregnancy can lead to serious health problems.

Procedures

Choosing where you will get the treatment should depend on the success rate recorded in the location. Searching for such may be nearly impossible for you and you might need to consult with a medical facilitation company for help to find them.

In contact with an IVF center, you will get to meet your doctor who will run an overall fertility evaluation to assess your fertility problems, the risks that are likely to occur, how to evade them, and what procedures are best for you. Then screening tests on you, your partner, and/or donors would be carried out to determine if you are safe and fit for the process.

The procedure involves the following:

  1. Ovulation induction with medications that will stimulate the quick production of multiple eggs into your uterus.
  2. Egg retrieval, which is the removal of released eggs from the uterus for external fertilization.
  3. Sperm retrieval, which is collecting sperm from a partner or donor through masturbation or testicular aspiration.
  4. Fertilization, by mixing sperm with matured eggs or injecting it into the eggs and putting them in an incubator to form.
  5. Embryo transfer; formed eggs are placed back into the uterus to gestate and grow till delivery.

It takes 12 days to 2 weeks to determine if you are pregnant or not, through a blood test. 

Prospect of IVF Treatment in Turkey

Turkey has become a popular hotspot for IVF treatment with several renowned clinics that specialize in this treatment. These clinics are of a high standard and are licensed and well inspected by the country's Ministry of Health. 

The inspections take place every 6 months and check the staff, equipment, environment, and records, and if the clinics fall short on the practice, the licenses are taken away.

Also, Turkey has little or no waiting list for IVF treatment in her medical centers. Their success rate is much n any other country, yet, their costs are way cheaper and this attracts many foreigners to the country for the procedure.

However, compared to other countries especially in Europe and America, the rules on IVF treatments in Turkey are very strict. The law states who is allowed the treatment and which procedures are accepted.

The rules are as follows:

  1. Donation of sperm and eggs is highly prohibited.
  2. A gestational carrier/surrogate is not allowed.
  3. Singles are not allowed to have the treatment.
  4. Couples for the procedure must be married
  5. Prohibited for gay or lesbian couples.
  6. Women under the age of 35 can only have one embryo transferred in the first and second cycle but can be allowed 2 embryos transfer in the third cycle.
  7. Women above the age of 35 can be allowed 2 embryos transfer from the first cycle.

These rules help you determine the odds of having your request for the procedure accepted in Turkey and if your situation can be sorted out in the country.

Treatment Cost in Turkey

The cost of in vitro fertilization in Turkey is estimated to be within the price range of $2000 to $7000

Where in Turkey

There are many renowned hospitals with IVF centers in Turkey. The popular ones include:

They offer a wide range of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) treatments and IVF is one of them. They have over 1000 successful treatments per year. There's absolutely no waiting time for IVF treatment and the cost is very affordable.

The hospital is in collaboration with John Hopkins Medicine and gives top-notch fertility treatments. They have worldwide accreditation and highly qualified medical staffs that see to your treatments from start to finish with proper observation.

With great skills, expertise, and modern medical technologies, this hospital renders one of the best IVF treatments in the country. The hospital is structured as a 'Patient Friendly Hospital' and her staff helps you through the process as your companions.

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