Only men carry the prostate gland. According to the reports, 1 in 10 men suffer from the prostate gland and the fortunate thing is, maximum times it gets cleared in the early stage. The chief function of the prostate gland is to form the prostate-based antigen or semen ( semen is a viscous white fluid and it activates during ejaculation, usually called sperm). When the level of prostate based antigen multiplies chances of prostate cancer increases. In severe conditions, cancerous cells may burst from the prostate gland to other areas, specifically in bones and seminal vesicle, this happens mostly when the size of cells uncontrollably increases. Remarkably, men at the age of 55 or above are more prone to prostate cancer.
CAUSES OF PROSTATE CANCER
SYMPTOMS OF PROSTATE CANCER
Prostate cancer shares similar symptoms with other similar conditions that aren’t forming cancers such as Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia which is also known as enlargement of the prostate. Second is Prostatitis occurs due to bacterial infection but symptoms match with the above-mentioned ones.
TYPES OF PROSTATE CANCER
There are many major and minor types of prostate cancer that exist, among them, highly detected (above 95%) one is adenocarcinoma. The 6 different types of prostate cancer which can enter your body. Let’s check’em out!
The acinar (bunch of cells) gets attached to fluid producing cells and it is responsible for multiplying the levels of PSA ( Prostate-specific antigen). Another category of adenocarcinoma is ductal connected and it is very rare, in this it attacks the ducts of the prostate gland.
Cancer starts in thin, flat cells of the epidermis of the prostate gland. Fortunately, this is found in less than 1% of men because it spreads very rapidly.
Sarcoma has the capability to spread in connective tissues such as fat and hematopoietic tissues. Mainly there are two sarcomas categories leiomyosarcomas and rhabdomyosarcomas. Only 0.1-0.5 cases get reported of this prostate cancer every year.
This cancer begins from the urethra, tumor formation around the bladder, and urethra. The most common symptoms are bleeding while passing out urine and frequent urination during the night/.
TREATMENTS OF PROSTATE CANCER
The treatment depends on the stage of cancer, age, health conditions, patient’s preference relatively, risk factors, and complications.
When no symptoms are experienced and if you don’t feel any pain then also go for a test, if the doctor says to wait then wait for some days. In this period you have to go for consultation until you aren’t occupied with symptoms/signs but no tests will be performed till then. In the meantime, you may need to do some essential tests for active surveillance such as:
Early-stage or 2nd stage requires:
This is the convincing treatment for prostate cancer. The goal is to make the patient’s immune system tough enough to protect against cancerous cells. The team of doctors and lab assistants will try every possible method to kill or inactivate these cells. Provenge vaccine stimulates the immune system and manages to destroy cells. Provenge vaccine helps to reduce or stop the cancerous cell from spreading in different parts but the PSA level remains the same so that’s why this treatment works best when combined with radiation therapy.
This treatment is time-consuming but doesn’t compromise in giving effective results though so it is good to stay in the hospital for 24 hours or more to take numerous benefits. This treatment is mainly invented for people who aren’t satisfied with the past treatments so to go for this treatment initially isn’t recommended. A doctor typically place nitrogen on the skin through the intravenous method, this procedure requires anesthesia either general/local or regional, in this cells freeze and becomes numb permanently or die on spot.
When you are suffering from serious life-long conditions like diabetes, BP, or cholesterol then this therapy is very promising. Dense radiation beams used to get rid of cancer filled cells. The doctor may divide this into different sessions (4-5).
Radiation therapy is parted into two categories:
It is done in different ways like some doctors prefer stereotactic body, 3D conformal, and some use intensity-modulated.
In the last stage, this works when linked with hormone therapy. Its start-stop-start therapy in which after completing one phase of chemo dose through IV, rest period will start and after that again next phase starts and so on until cancer cells aren’t killed. Medicines like Mitoxantrone and docetaxel are given. The device will be connected to the chest via IV. This gives side effects like hair loss, diarrhea, bleeding, vomiting, etc.
Hormone therapy’s alternate name is androgen deprivation therapy. In this Lupron, the hormone is kept in front to fight against the harmful cells. Extreme level cancers can be treated with this also for the intermediate stage it works well. The injection is used to connect the lupron with the body. 5-6 shots are given in 6 months, probably 1 in 1 month. Side effects like an ache in bone, spinal cord’s narrowing may occur.
SURGERIES FOR PROSTATE CANCER
People rely on this almost every time as doctors suggest this to them first. In this surgery either the prostate gland is taken out partially or completely and eventually removes cancerous cells if any major complications and symptoms aren’t there then one should select this. If the need arises, the seminal vesicle will be pulled out too.
Radical is categorised in 4 parts:
DIAGNOSIS FOR PROSTATE CANCER
COST OF PROSTATE CANCER
For surgeries, the cost is somewhere between $6000-$40000. For test or diagnosis, the cost is between $200- $15,000.
Everything depends on the location, doctor, type of the test, type of the surgery, surgeon, sessions, etc.
If it does not spread and early or intermediate stage survival rates are 70-90%.If it spreads and at the final or advanced stage survival rates are 30-50%.
By adding, an exercise to your daily routine. Eating healthy foods like green leafy veggies, seasonal fruits, omega 3 fatty acids like flaxseeds and fish oil, taking enough calcium.
It calculates the aggressiveness of prostate cancer and gives the approximate score. Primary and secondary numbers of grades are linked and the average is made from both. If the Gleason score is 6 or less then you are far from prostate cancer. During this stage tests like PSA, CT, MRI, and biopsy are included in the diagnosis.If the score is between 6-8 then you are on the center point of prostate cancer not too near and not too far. This surgery is an add on along with tests.If the score exceeds 8 then it’s very risky and only surgery and medicines are real rescuers.