Leukemia is a blood cancer. Faster multiplication of white blood cells in bone marrow is noticed, as a result, normal blood cells decrease, and leukemic cells burst.
Children with 18 or below are not triggers of cancer but leukemia is an exception. Leukemia harms bone marrow ( it is a soft and spongy tissue present in areas like thigh and hip). Extra abnormal cells suffocate bone marrow and stop the growth of essential blood cells. To harm other parts of the body, these cancerous cells outgrow in the bloodstream. It also damages the lymphatic system.
Acute leukemia in a short span of time starts showing its signs and day by day it becomes life-threatening and chronic leukemia is also equally dangerous but it hides symptoms for a longer time and then gradually becomes worse. In adults, leukemia strikes at the age of 60 or above. Every year 1-2% of new cases of leukemia get reported. Maximum tests of cancer are done for leukemia. Test shows leukemia cancer attacks 30-35% more to men than women. The actual cause of leukemia isn’t found yet.
Types Of Leukemia
Basic types of leukemia are:
But on the basis of the cell type and severity level, they are categorized into 4 different sections.
It is also known as chronic myeloid leukemia. Some disturbances occur in the genes and cells start acting immaturely and introduce a defective gene known as BCR-ABL, this defective gene converts normal cells into chronic myelogenous leukemia. Comparatively, CML is not very rapidly growing leukemia so patients get enough time for treatment and that’s survival rates increases by 65% in adults. CML affects adults only.
Symptoms Of Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Symptoms stay hidden for a while then eventually start appearing.
Treatment For Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
Diagnosis Of Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
2. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia ( CLL)
33% of cases of Leukemia are of this type. Signs of CLL become visible after 6 months or 1 year. CLL based cells also get crowded in the spleen and liver. A known subtype of CLL is hairy cell leukemia. When it is observed under the microscope, blood cancer cells resemble hair. It is mostly seen in middle-aged males.
Causes Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Treatment For Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
A number of treatments are available but the doctor will select the right treatment for you on the basis of your health, CLL level, physical examination, and tests.
All these treatments help to control the count of cancerous cells and resume normal blood count.
Diagnosis Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
3. Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)
It is also known as acute myeloid leukemia and nonlymphocytic leukemia. AML can occur at any age. It is a cancer of bone marrow. In this type, damaged bone marrow also makes unusual red blood cells and platelets. The noteworthy thing about AML is it is classified into 8 sub-groups.
Causes Of Acute Myelogenous Leukemia
The primary cause of AML is a gene mutation when the DNA sequence reverses AML happens.
SYMPTOMS OF ACUTE MYELOGENOUS LEUKEMIA
Treatments For Acute Myelogenous Leukemia
Your treatment will be between you and the entire team of experts starting from a hematologist to a pediatrician ( for children) and pathologists.
Diagnosis For Acute Myelogenous Leukemia
This type is commonly seen in small children and teens. It is subdivided into 4 types.
What Causes Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia?
Maybe DNA sequence changing is responsible for this also but some researchers say the actual reason isn’t found.
Symptoms Of Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia
Treatment Options For Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia
Diagnosis For Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia
Cost Of Leukemia (Blood Cancer)
On average, the cost of chemotherapy for leukemia is $700-$1500. Bone marrow transplant cost is $25000-$75000 depends on the donor.
The cost of pills like tyrosine kinase inhibitors ranges from $900-$3000.
Yearly, you can estimate the cost of other oral medicines from $20000-$80000 depends on your doses and stage of leukemia.
Total treatment cost of chronic myeloid/lymphocytic and acute lymphoblastic/myeloid cost is around $50000-$90000 in adults and $30000-$50000 in children ( it can change may be in developing and underdeveloped countries costs will be less).
The Best Hospitals For Leukemia Treatment
India’s Best Blood Cancer Treating Hospitals
Cost in India for blood cancer treatment ranges from 2 lakh rupees to 20 lakh rupees.
Turkey’s Best Blood Cancer (Leukemia) Treating Hospitals
2. What’s the survival rate of Leukemia?
3. What’s the difference between leukemia and lymphoma?
Leukemia – This forms cancer in bone marrow.
Lymphoma – This forms cancer in lymphatic glands and lymph nodes.
Leukemia – Basic types are acute and chronic leukemia.
Lymphoma – Basic types are Hodgkin and non-hodgkin lymphoma.