Adenoiditis may begin as a swelling or enlargement of the adenoids. The swelling may block or restrict your airways. It can also make it difficult to breathe through your nose.
Symptoms usually are as follows:
- sounding nasally when speaking, as if you’re talking through your nose
- sore or dry throat from breathing through the mouth
- breathing through your mouth becomes more comfortable than breathing through your nose
- snoring during the night or any time you sleep
- symptoms of infection, such as a runny nose that produces green or discolored mucus.
Adenoiditis can be caused by a bacterial infection, such as infection with the bacteria Streptococcus. It can also be caused by a number of viruses, including Epstein-Barr virus, adenovirus, and rhinovirus.
More about Treatment
Adenoiditis is an inflammation of the adenoids caused by infection. Adenoids are masses of lymphatic tissue that help the body fight infection. Adenoids are found in the throat, also called the pharynx, just behind the nose. Along with the tonsils, adenoids are the first line of defense against bacteria and viruses.
The lymphatic system performs several roles to help protect you from infection. Adenoids are part of the lymphatic system. Adenoids store white blood cells and antibodies that help to destroy possible infections threatening your health. If the adenoids become inflamed, they may not perform their function properly.
Your doctor will most likely perform a physical examination to determine where the infection is located. They will also ask about your family history to determine if your condition is hereditary.
If a bacteria caused your adenoiditis, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics. The use of antibiotics often proves successful in treating inflamed adenoidal tissue. If a virus caused your adenoiditis, your doctor will put you on a treatment plan that is specific to the virus.
Surgery to remove your adenoids is a final option. This is called adenoidectomy. Surgery is used to remove adenoids that:
- don't get better with antibiotics
- have recurring infections
- exist alongside an underlying health issue, such as cancer or a tumor of the throat and neck
- cause breathing and swallowing problems
Other tests can include:
throat examinations using swabs to obtain samples of bacteria and other organismsblood tests to determine the presence of organismsX-rays of your head and neck to determine the size of your adenoids and extent of infection.