All About

Diabetes

Symptoms

Frequent urination, especially waking up frequently in the night to go

Increased thirst

Increased hunger

Constant bad breath

Feeling tired, even after a good night’s sleep

Blurry vision that changes from day to day

Having cuts and wounds that are slow to heal

Tingling, numbness or pain in your hands and feet

Skin changes, such as sudden dark spots around the nape of your neck or under your armpits

Getting frequent urinary tract, yeast or vaginal infections

Losing or gaining weight without trying to

Having frequent gum infections

Feeling itchy all the time, due to yeast infections, dry skin or poor circulation.

Causes

Heredity and family history

Obesity

Physical Inactivity

Climate

Genetic Mutations

Hormone Disorder

Cystic Fibrosis

Hemochromatosis (blood creating too much iron)

Pregnancy

 

 

More about Treatment

 

Diabetes mellitus: More commonly referred to as "diabetes" -- a chronic disease associated with abnormally high levels of the sugar glucose in the blood. Diabetes is due to one of two mechanisms:

Inadequate production of insulin (which is made by the pancreas and lowers blood glucose), orInadequate sensitivity of cells to the action of insulin.

 

The two main types of diabetes correspond to these two mechanisms and are called insulin dependent (type 1) and non-insulin dependent (type 2) diabetes. In type 1 diabetes there is no insulin or not enough of it. In type 2 diabetes, there is generally enough insulin but the cells upon which it should act are not normally sensitive to its action.

 

Diabetes is diagnosed by blood glucose testing, the glucose tolerance test, and testing of the level of glycosylated hemoglobin (glycohemoglobin or hemoglobin A1C). The mode of treatment depends on the type of the diabetes.

The major complications of diabetes include dangerously elevated blood sugar, abnormally low blood sugar due to diabetes medications, and disease of the blood vessels which can damage the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and heart.

 

The goal of diabetes management is to keep blood glucose levels as close to normal as safely possible. Since diabetes may greatly increase risk for heart disease and peripheral artery disease, measures to control blood pressure and cholesterol levels are an essential part of diabetes treatment as well.

 

People with diabetes must take responsibility for their day-to-day care. This includes monitoring blood glucose levels, dietary management, maintaining physical activity, keeping weight and stress under control, monitoring oral medications and, if required, insulin use via injections or pump.

 

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Anavara thanks the  following websites for information on treatments and diseases .

www.who.int                                     www.mayoclinic.org                      www.webmd.com

www.medicalnewstoday.com           www.cincinnatichildrens.org         www.england.nhs.uk

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