Symptoms• Deep, coarse wrinkles
• Wrinkles are the lines and creases that form in your skin. Some wrinkles can become deep crevices or furrows and may be especially noticeable around your eyes, mouth and neck
Causes• Age - As you get older, your skin naturally becomes less elastic and more fragile. Decreased production of natural oils dries your skin and makes it appear more wrinkled.
• Fat in the deeper layers of your skin diminishes - This causes loose, saggy skin and more-pronounced lines and crevices.
• Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light - Ultraviolet radiation, which speeds the natural aging process, is the primary cause of early wrinkling. Exposure to UV light breaks down your skin's connective tissue collagen and elastin fibers, which lie in the deeper layer of skin (dermis).
• Without the supportive connective tissue, your skin loses strength and flexibility. Skin then begins to sag and wrinkle prematurely.
• Smoking - Smoking can accelerate the normal aging process of your skin, contributing to wrinkles. This may be due to smoking's effect on collagen.
• Repeated facial expressions - Facial movements and expressions, such as squinting or smiling, lead to fine lines and wrinkles. Each time you use a facial muscle, a groove forms beneath the surface of the skin. And as skin ages, it loses its flexibility and is no longer able to spring back in place. These grooves then become permanent features on your face.
More about Treatment
Wrinkle Treatments. There are several ways to minimize the appearance of wrinkles and even remove them. Retinoids (tretinoin, Altreno, Retin-A, Renova). Among medical treatments, this is by far the most proven and effective way of bettering signs of aging such as uneven pigmentation, roughness, and wrinkling.
FAQWhat are wrinkles and why do they occur?
Wrinkles are folds or creases in a skin which may result as a part of normal ageing process, sun exposure, etc. Age wrinkling is promoted by habitual facial expressions, solar exposure, smoking, poor hydration.
What are the treatment options available to counteract wrinkles?
Wrinkles can be managed using medications, creams, surgery, or by using laser technique.
What is the medical management for wrinkles?
Topical retinoids - Prescription medicine that contains retinoids, which is derived from vitamin A, may reduce fine wrinkles, splotches and roughness when applied to the skin. You may need to use the product for a few weeks or months before you notice improvement.
What are the side effects of medical management of wrinkles?
Retinoids might cause temporary itching, redness, burning or dryness.
Are there any other treatment options available?
A variety of other treatment options are available which include:
• Laser resurfacing - a laser beam destroys the outer layer of skin and heats the underlying skin. This stimulates the growth of new collagen fibers. Consequently smoother, tighter skin forms.
• Photodynamic rejuvenation - Photodynamic therapy (PDT) can treat fine wrinkles caused by sun exposure.
Botulinum toxin type A (Botox). When injected in small doses into specific muscles, Botox keeps the muscles from contracting. When the muscles can't tighten, the skin appears smoother and less wrinkled.
• Soft tissue fillers - Soft tissue fillers, which include fat, collagen and hyaluronic acid (Restylane, Juvederm, others), can be injected into wrinkles on your face. They plump and smooth wrinkles and furrows.
• Face-lift - The face-lift procedure involves tightening the underlying muscle and tissues.
What diet one can follow to reduce wrinkles?
The following anti-aging foods can help: papaya, blueberries, broccoli, spinach, nuts, avocado, sweet potatoes etc.
How can we avoid getting wrinkles naturally?
Although wrinkles associated with ageing can’t be avoided but few steps can be taken to slow down the process. These are: Avoid sun, wear sunscreen, don’t smoke, get adequate sleep, eat fruits and vegetables etc.
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