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Asthma

Asthma

Asthma is a chronic disease involving the airways in the lungs. These airways, or bronchial tubes, allow air to come in and out of the lungs. If you have asthma your airways are always inflamed. They become even more swollen and the muscles around the airways can tighten when something triggers your symptoms. This makes […]

Symptoms

The most common symptom is wheezing. This is a scratchy or whistling sound when you breathe. Other symptoms include:
• Shortness of breath
• Chest tightness or pain
• Chronic coughing
• Trouble sleeping due to coughing or wheezing

Causes

Asthma flareups or asthma attacks are caused by allergies and exposure to allergens such as pet dander, dust, pollen or mold. Other triggers could also include smoke, pollution, cold air, changes in weather.

More about Treatment

Asthma is a chronic disease involving the airways in the lungs. These airways, or bronchial tubes, allow air to come in and out of the lungs.
If you have asthma your airways are always inflamed. They become even more swollen and the muscles around the airways can tighten when something triggers your symptoms. This makes it difficult for air to move in and out of the lungs, causing symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and/or chest tightness.
For many asthma sufferers, timing of these symptoms is closely related to physical activity. And, some otherwise healthy people can develop asthma symptoms only when exercising. This is called exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB), or exercise-induced asthma (EIA). Staying active is an important way to stay healthy, so asthma shouldn't keep you on the sidelines. Your physician can develop a management plan to keep your symptoms under control before, during and after physical activity.


Asthma Diagnosis
An allergist diagnoses asthma by taking a thorough medical history and performing breathing tests to measure how well your lungs work.
One of these tests is called spirometry. You will take a deep breath and blow into a sensor to measure the amount of air your lungs can hold and the speed of the air you inhale or exhale. This test diagnoses asthma severity and measures how well treatment is working.
A FeNO test or exhaled nitric oxide test, in patients with allergic or eosinophilic asthma, is a way to determine how much lung inflammation is present and how well inhaled steroids are suppressing this inflammation. With allergic or eosinophilic asthma, sometimes you may feel your breathing is fine, but when you measure your exhaled nitric oxide, it may still be significantly elevated, and you might do better in the long-term using slightly more of your inhaled steroid to suppress this inflammation.
Many people with asthma also have allergies, so your doctor may perform allergy testing. Treating the underlying allergic triggers for your asthma will help you avoid asthma symptoms.

FAQ

What are the types of asthma?
- Asthma can be of two main types; one which is triggered by exposure to allergy producing substances like pollen, dust; and another type which is triggered by exercise or physical exertion.

Who is prone to developing Asthma?
- Major risk factors for asthma are having a parent with asthma, allergies, exposure to chemicals and irritants in early age and later. In some cases, a history of respiratory infection as a child may be significant.

At what age do you develop symptoms of asthma?
- Asthma can begin showing signs in childhood (mostly associated with allergy) or it can develop later in life in adults (mostly exertional).

Is asthma an inherited disease?
- Though transmission from parent to child is not proven, but chances of developing asthma are high if there is history in parents. Genetics play an important role in asthma.

Can asthma be prevented?
- Though asthma cannot be prevented, but once the symptoms appear, an “attack” can be prevented by not getting exposed to allergy inducing substances, avoiding smoke and following the therapy diligently. In children, pneumonia and influenza vaccination may also help.

What are the medicines for asthma?
- Most common medicines prescribed in asthma are of the class bronchodilators – drugs that open up the swollen airways. Some are leukotriene modifiers, inhaled corticosteroids and theophylline. Steroids may be injected in cases of severe attacks for quick relief.

Why do I have to follow-up with my doctor regularly?
- Regular follow-up and frequent consultation is required initially because the treatment is given in stages. When a certain regimen fails to provide relief, a higher regimen is initiated till the patient is stabilised. Hence, regular visits are compulsory.

Is there a permanent cure for asthma?
- No, there is no proven cure for asthma; the only remedy is to prevent attacks or exacerbation of the asthma by following the prescribed course of medicine.

Is asthma life threatening?
- If proper medication and intervention is not followed, a severe attack of asthma, called “status asthmaticus” can be life threatening.

What restrictions are to be followed in asthma?
- There are no restrictions in asthmatics other than limitation of exposure to triggers that may precipitate an asthmatic episode. Living environment must be made asthma –friendly, free of dust, pollen, animal dander etc. Inhaler must be kept handy at all times.

Can an asthmatic patient live a normal life?
- A patient of asthma has to live with it his or her whole life, but with proper management and compliance to treatment they can lead a normal life with minimal restrictions.

Top Doctors For Asthma Treatment

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Dr. Ranjan Kumar Mohapatra Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT) | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: SIMS Hospital, Chennai
Dr. Rajat Goel Bariatric – Weight Reduction | Gender: Male | Experience: 11 years | Hospital: Primus Super Speciality Hospital, Delhi
Ms. Aruna Mallya Bariatric – Weight Reduction | Gender: Female | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Manipal Hospitals, Bengaluru
Ms. Bhakti Samant Bariatric – Weight Reduction | Gender: Female | Experience: 12 years | Hospital: Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital
Dr. Garud Chandan Family Medicine | Gender: Male | Experience: 17 years | Hospital: Fortis Hospital, Bengaluru
Dr. Anita Kaul Emergency Medicine | Gender: Female | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: Apollo Indraprastha
Dr. Mehmet Yılmaz Eltemmo Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT) | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Hisar Intercontinental
Dr. (Col.) Kumud Rai Cardiovascular | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket
Dr. Yogesh Gautam Bariatric – Weight Reduction | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket
Ms. Hiba Khalid Dietician | Gender: Female | Experience: 7 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Arun Kumar Goyal Cardiovascular | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Humam Sami Ali Family Medicine | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Kavuri Sree R. Murthy Family Medicine | Gender: Male | Experience: 22 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Fatima Attiya Al Hussain Emergency Medicine | Gender: Female | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Nidal Mohamed Eldahla Family Medicine | Gender: Male | Experience: 30 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Ms. Ruba Elhourani Dietician | Gender: Female | Experience: 5 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Abhay Nigam Family Medicine | Gender: Male | Experience: 32 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Tope Titilayo Odofafa Emergency Medicine | Gender: Female | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Elhadi Eltayeb Abbas Family Medicine | Gender: Male | Experience: 32 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Issam Hreirati Bariatric – Weight Reduction | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Sameer Sudhakar Diwale Cardiovascular | Gender: Male | Experience: 23 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Abha Gupta Allergy and Immunology | Gender: Female | Experience: 31 years | Hospital: Apollo Indraprastha

Top Hospitals For Asthma Treatment

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Fortis Malar Hospital, Chennai Fortis Malar Hospital, Chennai is a leading multi-specialty, tertiary care hospital which offers com
Manipal Hospitals, Bengaluru Manipal Hospitals is one of India's foremost multi-specialty healthcare providers catering to both I
Narayana Hospital At Narayana Health, 'quality' and 'lowest cost' are not mutually exclusive when it comes to healthca
Apollo Indraprastha Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi is the First Hospital in India to be Internationally Accred
BLK Hospitals BLK Super Specialty Hospitals, New Delhi, has a unique combination of the best in class technology,
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