Bacterial Conjunctivitis

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Conjunctivitis, also known as “Pink Eye” is an inflammation or swelling of the transparent or outer membrane of your eyeball called Conjunctiva. Blood vessels in the conjunctiva, which is the thin membrane which lines part of the eye usually becomes inflamed and visible. The red or pink color of the eye is basically due to the reason. Though conjunctivitis or pink eyes are mostly irritating causing rash around the eyes, it affects your vision only rarely. Since conjunctivitis or pink eye is usually contagious, it is better to seek treatment and diagnosis to limit the spread. Children usually get it a lot since it is very contagious. Read More

Top Doctors For Bacterial Conjunctivitis Treatments

Top Hospitals For Bacterial Conjunctivitis Treatments

Bacterial Conjunctivitis

Types of Pink Eye or Conjunctivitis: Few of the pinkeye or conjunctivitis types are as follows:
  1. Viral Strains (Viral Eye Infection): Usually viral strains are the most common as well as the most contagious forms of pink eye. It starts with one eye causing watery discharge. The other eye also gets involved within a few days.
  2. Bacterial Strains (Bacterial Eye Infection): Bacterial strains usually infect one eye yet can usually show up in another eye too after a day or so. A lot of pus and mucus also comes out of the eye during bacterial strain infection.
  3.  Allergic Type: Itching, tearing and redness in the eyes are usually produced due to allergic type infection. Apart from this, you may also have an itchy and runny nose.
  4. Ophthalmia Neonatorum: This infection is a severe form which affects newborn babies. It is usually caused due to dangerous bacteria which can cause permanent eye damage or blindness if it isn’t treated.
  5.  Giant Papillary: This type of conjunctivitis is usually linked to long-term usage of contact or ocular prosthesis or an artificial eye.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Pinkeye:

Usually, the treatment procedures for conjunctivitis depend on what is causing it. However, for bacterial, virus, or allergen, there are different treatment options: Prior to the treatment:
  • Doctor asks for your symptoms as well as advises you to take an eye exam
  • Fluid from your eyelid is taken by the doctor with the help of a cotton swab to test it in the lab
  • Once your doctor finds out the cause of the infection, he/she will suggest the right treatment
During the treatment: Conjunctivitis caused by bacterial, virus or allergen have different treatment options: a) Viral Eye or Viral Conjunctivitis Treatment: Just like the common cold, unfortunately, there is no treatment available for viral conjunctivitis. Whatsoever, the symptoms usually subside in a few days. Using a warm compress or a cloth that is moistened with warm water can help alleviate your symptoms. b) Bacterial Eye or Bacterial Conjunctivitis Treatment: Antibiotics are given as the treatment for bacterial eye infection. Eye drops usually soothe the red eyelids and rash around the eyes. The ointment is prescribed for children since it is easier to apply. Medication will help in healing the symptoms in few days c) Allergic Conjunctivitis: Antihistamines like Loratadine and diphenhydramine are usually prescribed by your doctor to treat pink eye or conjunctivitis caused by an allergen. It will help in clearing out allergic symptoms. Antihistamine or anti-inflammatory eye drops are also used. d) Irritation due to Chemical Splash: Flushing out and cleaning the eye in order to get rid of the chemical or the foreign object are the treatment options. Doing so, will help get rid of the chemical thus preventing the ye from mucous discharge. It usually clears up usually within about a day

Post-treatment, Recovery and Prevention:

  • Few days after the symptoms subside, practicing good hygiene are usually recommended by your doctor to avoid and prevent transmission
  • Avoid touching your eyes with hands
  • Wash hands thoroughly and often
  • Use only clean tissues as well as towels to wipe your eyes and face
  • Wash and change pillowcases often
  • Cleaning or replacing contact lenses frequently are recommended
  • Don’t share cosmetics with other, especially eyeliner or mascara
  • Follow-up with your doctor frequently isn’t required post-treatment

Prevention of Pink Eye in Newborns:

Usually newborn babies are very susceptible to bacterial infection that is present in the mother’s birth canal. In some cases, these bacteria can at times cause conjunctivitis in newborns, which is a serious form of pink eye. An ointment right after the birth is applied in order to help prevent eye infection

Risk Factors associated with Pink Eye:

These are few of the risk factors associated with pink eye or conjunctivitis:
  • Exposing yourself to something that you are allergic to
  • Exposing yourself to someone with bacterial or viral conjunctivitis
  • Using contact lenses (especially the extended-usage wearable lenses)

Symptoms

Some of the very common symptoms of conjunctivitis or pink eye are as follows:

  • Redness or allergic pink eye
  • Eye itching
  • Gritty feeling
  • Tearing
  • Discharge in the eyes forming a crust during night
  • Abnormal amount of tears
  • Burning eyes or red eyelids
  • Blurred vision
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Rash around eyes
  • Mucus in eye
  • Lymph nodes swollen often due to viral infection

Causes

These are few of the most common causes of conjunctivitis:

  • Viruses (That’s more like the kind that causes flu or common cold)
  • Bacteria (That’s more like the kind that causes strep throat and staph infections)
  • Allergies
  • A foreign object in the eye
  • Chemical splash in the eye like chlorine
  • A blocked tear duct in newborns
  • Fungi, amoebas and parasites

FAQ

1. What is acute conjunctivitis?

Acute conjunctivitis usually is caused by many bacteria. The symptoms of acute conjunctivitis usually are hyperemia, lacrimation, irritation, and also discharge. Diagnosis is mostly clinical and the treatment is done with topical antibiotics. It is augmented by systemic antibiotics in serious cases.

2. Is conjunctivitis contagious?

Yes, viral conjunctivitis is highly contagious. Most of these viruses which cause pink eye spread through hand-to-eye contact by hands or by touching objects that are contaminated with the virus.

3. What are a few eye infection treatments?

Common bacterial eye infections are effectively treated with antibiotic eye drops or ointments as well as compresses. However, many viral eye infections resolve on their own.

4. What is a bubble on an eyeball?

Bubble on an eyeball is usually caused by conjunctiva, which may look like a big blister. It also sometimes looks like it has a fluid in it. When it is severe, the tissue normally swells so much that you will be unable to close your eyes properly.

5. What causes rash around the eyes?

Rash around eyes or eyelid dermatitis is a common condition which causes the skin on or around the eyelid to become so dry, itchy, and also irritated.