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Burns treatment

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Burns treatment

Burns treatment

Burns are generally skin tissue damage resulting from excessive heat, overexposure to the sun’s radiation, electrical or chemical contact. The term “Burn” refers to more than just the burning sensation that is associated with the injury. Burns normally cause severe skin damage causing the skin cells to die and usually require emergency medical care in order to prevent the complications associated with it or sometimes even death. However, most of the burns can recover with minor medical problems and are usually life-threatening emergencies

Symptoms

Generally, symptoms of burns are normally characterized by degree of skin damage. It usually varies depending on how deep the skin damage usually is. These are few of symptoms of burns based on degree of skin damage:

1. First Degree Burns:

Symptoms of first-degree burns are usually redness and pain only on the outer layer of the skin or epidermis layer of the skin of the patient. First degree burns are usually minor.

2. Second Degree Burns:

Symptoms of second-degree burns are usually swelling with red or white skin, blisters and severe pain. It usually affects both the epidermis as well as the second layer of the skin which is dermis. Most of the second-degree burns are severe and can cause scarring.

3. Third Degree Burns:

Symptoms of third degree burns usually cause numbness and can destroy nerves. Third degree burns usually look black or brown or white in color. The skin usually looks leathery since usually in the third-degree burns, the burn generally reaches into the fat layer beneath the skin.

Causes

These are few of the causes of burns:

  • Fire
  • Electrical current
  • Hot liquid or steam
  • Hot metal objects
  • Radiation from X-rays
  • Radiation burns from cancer treatment
  • Ultraviolet radiation from the sun
  • Chemicals from paint thinner or gasoline
  • Acid burns due to abuse

More about Treatment

Diagnosis and Treatment for Burns:

Usually people with minor burns can normally be treated at home and heals within a week or so. However, people with severe degrees of burns require medical treatment. These are few of the burns treatment procedures that require medical attention immediately.

Prior to the treatment:

  • Appropriate wound assessment is made to determine the degree of burn level prior to the treatment

During the treatment:

  • First-aid involving wound dressings are provided to patients to encourage healing especially for treatment for minor burns as it doesn’t require hospitalization
  • Water-based treatments such as UV mist therapy treatment is provided in order to stimulate the wound tissue for treatment for 2nd degree burns
  • IV fluids are given to prevent dehydration as well as organ failure in patients for treatment for third degree burns
  • A surgical procedure such as skin grafting is done for severe burns where sections of a person’s healthy skin are used in order to replace the scar tissue that is caused by severe burns. Normally skins from deceased donors or skins of pigs are usually used as a temporary solution for treatment for third degree burns
  • In order to ease the blood flow around the wound, doctor usually cuts the eschar or the burn scab in order to relieve the pressure around the wound for treatment for third degree burns
  • People with severe degree burns usually go for plastic surgery or reconstruction surgery in order to improve the appearance caused by burn scars.

Prognosis, Post-burns treatment and Recovery:

  • Pain and anxiety medications are administered to patient’s post-treatment, Medications such as morphine are particularly provided during dressing changes
  • Burn creams as well as ointments will be administered by the doctor for wound healing. Bacitracin and Silvadene are usually administered to prevent infection and help prepare the wound to close for burns treatment.
  • Frequent visits to the hospital or clinic for tetanus shots will be recommended after the burns treatment
  • Antibiotics are also recommended post burns treatment to fight infection

Can Burns be prevented?

Though most of the burns can be prevented with a little bit of precaution, however these are few of the preventive measures to be taken in order to reduce the risk of burns:

  • Keep hot liquids away from children and pet
  • Keep electrical gadgets away from water
  • Never leave cooking stove unattended
  • Never cook wearing loosefitiing dresses which can catch fire
  • Unplugging irons when not in use
  • Covering electrical plugs or outlets with safety caps
  • Enabling smoke detectors on each floor of your home
  • Keeping a fire extinguisher at your home
  • Wearing protective clothes while using chemicals
  • Keeping lighters and match boxes away from children

Complications associated with Burns Treatment:

These are few of the complications associated with Burns Treatment:

  • Bloodstream infection due to bacterial infection
  • Fluid loss (Hypovolemia)
  • Low body temperature (hypothermia)
  • Severe breathing problems due to intake of hot smoke
  • Scars causing an overgrowth of scar tissue or Keloids
  • Bone as well as joint problems due to shortening or tightening of skin

Skin burns treatment based on different causes:

  • Oil Burns Treatment:

Person with burns with oil or hot water can be treated by cleaning and covering in order for the wound to avoid infection. Local emergency services can be availed based on severity of burn. Doctors usually administer the patient to take acetaminophen and give basic first aid in order to help alleviate pain if the degree of burns are not that severe.

  • Rope or Friction Burns Treatment:

Rope burns caused by friction of coarse rubbing of robe over skin can be treated by cleaning and covering in order for the wound to avoid infection. Local emergency services can be called based on severity of burn.

  • Sun Burns Treatment:

For sun burns treatment, a moisturizer which contains aloe vera or soy can help in soothing sunburned skin.

  • Adhesive Tape Burns Treatment:

The area affected is cleansed with mild soap and water in order to remove a possible residue left from the adhesive. Medical attention is availed based on the severity of burns

  • Ice or Icepack Burns Treatment:

The area affected is soaked in warm water for 20 minutes. Apart from that, applying warm compresses or blankets are done as part of warm-water treatments.

  • Best Treatment for Radiation Burns:

The affected areas of the skin are moisturized and lubricated in order to prevent itching. Apart from that washing with lukewarm water can also be done to heal pain or itching. Medical attention can be availed based on severity of burns.

  • Heating Pad Burns Treatment:

The affected part can be immersed in cool water for 10 or 15 minutes. Apart from that, apply butter or ointments to prevent infection

  • Boiling Water or Scald Burns Treatment:

Refrain from breaking blisters, apply cool running water to cool the area for at least 20 minutes, keep the area elevated and avail first-aid treatment based on severity of burns.

  • Acid Burns Treatment:

Perform first-aid treatment however medical attention should be availed immediately based on severity of burns.

  • Chemical Burns on Face Treatment:

Perform first-aid treatment however medical attention should be availed immediately based on severity of burns.

FAQ

1.What is the correct treatment for first-degree or second-degree burns with closed blisters?

Most of the first- and second-degree burns with closed blisters are best treated with cold water (Don’t use ice water). Avoid using any type of ointment since they can interfere with the healing process and cause an allergic reaction

2. What is the correct treatment for second-degree or third-degree burns with open blisters?

The affected area of the skin should be put under cool water for 15 minutes or longer, acetaminophen medication should be given, antibiotic cream can be applied to blisters and medical attention can be availed based on severity.

3. What are some home treatments for burns?

Cool water and cool compresses, aloe vera and using of honey are few of the best home treatments for burns

4. What should be done for finger burns or fingertip burns treatment?

Stop the burning process, cool the burn with cooling water, take pain relief medications, cover the burn by first-aid and seek medical attention

5. Which of the following is a guideline for the treatment of chemical burns?

These are the guidelines - when flushing with water, the person should minimize further wound contamination by making sure that the fluid runs away from the injury and not toward uninjured areas.

Top Doctors For Burns treatment Treatment

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Dr. B. M. L. Kapur General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: Apollo Indraprastha
Dr. Deepak Govil General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 20 years | Hospital: Apollo Indraprastha
Dr. Anshuman Agarwal General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 23 years | Hospital: Apollo Indraprastha
Dr. Mehmet Ali Değirmenci General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: Hisar Intercontinental
Dr. İlker Abci General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 30 years | Hospital: Hisar Intercontinental
Dr. Pakize Eker Balcioğlu General Surgery | Gender: Female | Experience: 26 years | Hospital: Hisar Intercontinental
Dr. Atul N.C. Peters General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket
Dr. Mohamed Sobhy Badr Sobei General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 20 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Ajman
Dr. Mohammad Adnan Khadder General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 15 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Ajman
Dr. Tamer Abbas Hassan Saafan General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 13 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Ajman
Prof. Hossam Hamdy General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 30 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Ajman
Dr. Rajesh Sisodiya General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Ajman
Dr. Sadir Alrawi General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Ajman
Dr. Hillol Kanti Pal General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 20 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Ajman
Dr. Salil Avinash Vengsarkar General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 22 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Dubai
Dr. Farooque Ahmed Khan General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 16 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Dubai
Dr. Anup Kumar Panigrahi General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 26 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Shekhar Upadhyay General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 14 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Imtiyaz Ahmad Zaki General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 7 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Mustafa Nisar Khan General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Sarmad Aji General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Farouk Safi General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Ala Al Ajeel General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 22 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Houssam Abou Trabi General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: NMC Royal AbuDhabi
Dr. Jyoti Singh General Surgery | Gender: Female | Experience: 5 years | Hospital: NMC Royal AbuDhabi
Dr. Aloy J Mukherjee General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 30 years | Hospital: Apollo Indraprastha
Dr. Neel Dilip Shah General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 32 | Hospital: Apollo Indraprastha
Dr. Noor ul din Malik General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 8 years | Hospital: Apollo Indraprastha
Dr. Taner Orug General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 32 years | Hospital: Medicana International Hospital, Istanbul
Dr. Yaşar Mesut Pekcan General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 37 years | Hospital: Medicana International Hospital, Istanbul
Dr. Deniz Atasoy General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 20 years | Hospital: Medicana International Hospital, Istanbul
Dr. Abdul Latif Araji General Surgery | Gender: Male | Experience: 27 years | Hospital: NMC Royal AbuDhabi

Top Hospitals For Burns treatment Treatment

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Thumbay Hospital, Dubai With our Hospitals and Medical Centre in Ajman, Fujairah, Sharjah, Dubai and Hyderabad (India), Thum
Maharaja Agrasen Hospital, Bengaluru The Maharaja Agrasen Hospital is located in the heart of Bangalore and is known of its excellence in
Columbia Asia Hospital, Bengaluru Columbia Asia is an international healthcare group operating a chain of modern hospitals across Indi
Gleaneagles Global Hospital, Mumbai Gleneagles Global Hospital, Mumbai offers end-to-end clinical, surgical and diagnostic services. The
Peerless Hospital, Kolkata 400 bed Multi-Specialty Peerless Hospital & B.K.Roy Research Centre is build around the core princip
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