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Cervical Teratoma

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Cervical Teratoma

Cervical Teratoma

When a non-cancerous or benign tumor appears, it makes the baby's neck huge and forms mass in the neck. Fetal teratoma is completely different as it matures fast and cytodifferentiation is seen half of the time, and adult teratoma is cancerous or malignant mostly. It is a very rare condition but a severe one, the tumor grows instantly and expands the size of the neck, proportion of neck along with observed polyhydramnios. The areas covered in cervical teratoma are nasopharynx and thyrocervical. Though it is attached with thyroid gland it doesn’t start forming from it. Cartilage, neural tissues and respiratory epithelium are responsible. Possibility of brain teratoma is there in some cases. Very huge tumors can lead to anemia and heart failure.

Symptoms

Symptoms are directly proportional to the size of tumor. In small tumors, less symptoms are there and in large tumors more symptoms are seen.

  • Shortness of breath or dyspnea
  • Stridor
  • Trouble in swallowing
  • Oesophagus (food pipe) shrinks
  • Windpipe or trachea contracts
  • Amniotic fluid increases

Ovarian teratoma Symptoms

This occurs only in female and symptoms are :

  • Back pain
  • Frequent uterine bleeding
  • Trouble in gastrointestinal system
  • Pain in Abdomen
  • Swelling 

Causes

Tumors are sporadic which can happen without reason to anyone doesn’t matter what the age, gender and age is. No familial recurrence or genes are involved.

More about Treatment

AVAILABLE TREATMENTS FOR CERVICAL TERATOMA 

Your doctor will decide on a course of treatment by examining the size and severity of the disease. Treatment is also based upon other diseases that contribute to adult and fetal teratoma. 

Mom and foetus are kept under observation for some days in a pregnancy stage. The team during treatment includes patients, foetus, Perinatologist, radiologist, ENT and nurse.  In the prenatal round, a thorough ultrasound method is used to check the level of amniotic fluid, size,etc. Small sized fetal tumors don't cause much problems but very large tumors often take up the space of ears, jaw and mouth. It becomes difficult for the heart to supply enough blood to the cervical mass and as a result the heart fails.

EXIT procedure is also a very effective technique in this procedure doctors make incision to the uterus and remove just the half and mostly head and neck part and side by side balances the pregnancy and breathing tube is arranged the umbilical cord is clamped and baby is delivered safely. This procedure is subdivided into 3 parts to separately check trachea, bronchi and larynx.

For trachea tracheostomy is used to make enough area for the air, this is a best alternative if breathing tube isn’t the right choice or not available. Bronchoscopy is used to monitor bronchi’s condition and for larynx, laryngoscopy is taken.

DIAGNOSIS (TEST) FOR CERVICAL TERATOMA 

Doctors will arrange  numerous tests to help confirm the diagnosis. Primary tests include :

a) Ultrafast fetal MRI - This is a reliable fetal imaging test which helps to know about the category of masses. While performing this test doctors do not use special sedations for mom and not even temporarily paralyze foetus. 

b) Fetal Echocardiogram -  To examine the heart health of a baby this test is conducted.

HOW COMMON IS CERVICAL TERATOMA ?

This is a very rare type of cervical cancer and it is said that 80%  is neonatal teratoma  and females are targeted more often than males. Approximately 2-3 infants  in 30,000 to 40,000 live births get affected by cervical teratoma.

FAQ

1. WHAT IS THE SURVIVAL RATE OF FETAL TERATOMA ?

If baby’s surgery is done safely and the baby is normal internally and externally with less tumor mass then survival rates are more than 85% such that babies might get caught with hypothyroidism but it can be treated with proper medications. Frequent follow ups in 1-2 weeks for necessary updates in heart functioning, tumor growth and fluid level should be done. 

2. WHAT IS LUNG TERATOMA ?

Lung teratoma is uncommon even more than cervical teratoma. Around 300-500 cases are reported till date and this happens usually in the left lung and happens because of the formation of germ layers.

3. HOW  DO TERATOMAS FORM?

When the disturbance in the growth hormones cross the limit in germ cells teratomas form.

4. WHAT IS UTERINE TERATOMA?

This affects only 1-2% people, easily seen in infants and children. This is a subtype of extragonadal teratoma. 

5. GIVE INFORMATION ABOUT BRAIN TERATOMA.

This teratoma is extremely rare and 1 in 1,000,000 is affected. Cystic and calcified components destroy brain functioning and its growth and result in brain teratoma.

Top Doctors For Cervical Teratoma Treatment

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Dr. K. Satish Srinivas Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 15 years | Hospital: Sri Ramachandra Medical Centre (SRMC)
Dr. Asmita Jain Cancer | Gender: Female | Experience: 13 years | Hospital: Primus Super Speciality Hospital, Delhi
Dr. Abhay Kumar Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Narayana Hospital
Dr. Amit Rauthan Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 17 years | Hospital: Manipal Hospitals, Bengaluru
Dr. Archana Shetty Cancer | Gender: Female | Experience: 21 years | Hospital: Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital
Dr. Feroz Pasha Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 18 years | Hospital: Apollo Indraprastha
Dr. G. K. Jadhav Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: Apollo Indraprastha
Dr. Rohit Nayyar Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket
Dr. Sharan Choudhri Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket
Dr. Nidha Iqbal Shapoo Cancer | Gender: Female | Experience: 5 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Dubai
Dr. Rajeev Kaushal Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 27 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Balaji Balasubramaniam Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 15 years | Hospital: NMC Royal AbuDhabi
Dr. Sai Babu Jonnada Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 16 years | Hospital: NMC Royal AbuDhabi
Dr. Mohanad Diab Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 15 years | Hospital: NMC Royal AbuDhabi
Dr. Sadir Alrawi Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 28 years | Hospital: NMC Royal AbuDhabi
Dr. Moujahed (Ed) Ashtar Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 29 years | Hospital: NMC Royal AbuDhabi
Dr. Khaled Kouteich Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 28 years | Hospital: Al Zahra Dubai
Dr. Sujay Susikar Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Fortis Malar Hospital, Chennai
Dr. Bellarmine Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 37 years | Hospital: Fortis Malar Hospital, Chennai
Dr. S Annalakshmi Cancer | Gender: Female | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: HCG Cancer Centre
Dr. Radheshyam Naik Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: HCG Cancer Centre
Dr. Premita Cancer | Gender: Female | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: HCG Cancer Centre
Dr. Prabhu Nesargikar Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: HCG Cancer Centre
Dr. Mahesh Bandemegal Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: HCG Cancer Centre
Dr. Lohith Reddy Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: HCG Cancer Centre
Dr. Krithika Murugan Cancer | Gender: Female | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: HCG Cancer Centre
Dr. Jagannath Dixit Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 16 years | Hospital: HCG Cancer Centre
Dr. Belliappa Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: HCG Cancer Centre
Dr. Akshay Kudpaje Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: HCG Cancer Centre
Dr. Shabeena Rana Cancer | Gender: Female | Experience: 17 years | Hospital: Al Zahra Dubai
Dr. Anil Kumar Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 9 years | Hospital: Fortis Hospital, Bengaluru
Dr. Reetesh Ranjan Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: BLK Hospitals
Dr. S. Jayalakshmi Cancer | Gender: Female | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Artemis Hospital, Delhi
Dr. Priya Tiwari Cancer | Gender: Female | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Artemis Hospital, Delhi
Prof. Hale Başak Çağlar Cancer | Gender: Female | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Anadolu Hospital
Prof. Dr. Bülent Karagöz Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Anadolu Hospital
Prof. N. Yalçın İlker Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Anadolu Hospital
Dr. Mehmet Doğu Canoğlu Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Anadolu Hospital
Dr. Harsh Dua Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: Apollo Indraprastha
Dr. Manish Singhal Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 16 years | Hospital: Apollo Indraprastha
Dr. Abuchi Okaro Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 20 years | Hospital: Euracare Multi-Specialist Hospital
Dr. Syed Azim Razvi Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Apollo Indraprastha
Dr. S. Hukku Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: BLK Hospitals
Dr. Surender Kumar Dabas Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 7 years | Hospital: BLK Hospitals
Dr. Amit Agarwal Cancer | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: BLK Hospitals

Top Hospitals For Cervical Teratoma Treatment

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Cytecare Hospitals At Cytecare, they understand and stress on the right way of fighting cancer. This gives rise to a mu
Columbia Asia Hospital, Bengaluru Columbia Asia is an international healthcare group operating a chain of modern hospitals across Indi
Gleaneagles Global Hospital, Mumbai Gleneagles Global Hospital, Mumbai offers end-to-end clinical, surgical and diagnostic services. The
Kerala Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Trivandrum KIMS HEALTHCARE GROUP is one of Asia’s leading multi-specialty hospital networks focussed on provi
Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket Max Smart Super Speciality Hospital, Saket (a unit of Gujarmal Modi Hospital & Research Centre for M
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