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Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation

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Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation

Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation

Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) is a rare, hamartomatous condition, when the extra growth of variably sized fluid-stuffed cysts occurs and restricts the functioning of lungs in a normal ways, and interferes with the lower respiratory tract. CCAM is usually seen in children and nowadays it can be diagnosed prenatally when the baby is still in the mother's womb through multiple tests and diagnosis.

Symptoms

  • Breathing problems
  • Asymmetrical heart sounds
  • Abdominal fluid formation
  • Accessory muscle use
  • Skin edema

More about Treatment

CCAM affects 1 in 25,000-35,000 and is a child related disorder. But generally it can happen to anyone at any age, no matter what the gender and ethnicity is and it is not hereditary. In CCAM, in about 10-15% cases CCAM grows very abnormally which leads to death.

CCAM TYPES

TYPE 1 - This is the most commonly  found CCAM type. This is very enormous and present in the centre and other small cysts are at periphery. 

TYPE 2 - This is a group of small cysts which promotes congenital growth and type 2 is more dangerous than type 1.

TYPE 3 - This type is extremely small, uncommon and size is 0.5-0.7 cm in diameter.

CCAM TREATMENT

  • The most reliable and safe option is antibiotics.
  • When excess respiratory abnormalities increase mechanical ventilation is used in some hospitals.
  • Oxygen Supplementation is also a good option.

FETAL CCAM

  • When a patient has large and not easily removable cysts then the fetal ccam method is useful.
  • Decentralization of CCAM is done by Thoracocentesis.
  • Thoraco-amniotic shunt forms a passage between CCAM and amniotic area to control the fluid drainage.

CCAM DIAGNOSIS

  • For the first diagnosis in a prenatal baby, MRI scan and ultrasound both give excellent results.
  • To check the neural tube faults cranial ultrasonography works well.
  • For continuous blood supply doppler ultrasound is the safest one.
  • CT Scan is best for children, adults and old aged groups as it thoroughly shows the level of CCAM.
  • Echocardiography is compulsory in all newborns with CCAM.
  • Cerebral ultrasonography is required to keep the central nervous system normal.

FAQ

1. WHAT ARE COMPLICATION IN CCAM ?

  • Give a rise to hydrops
  • Pulmonary stress
  • Premature delivery
  • Recurrent pneumonia

2. WHAT IS THE PROGNOSIS FOR CCAM ?

70-75% of prenatal babies get saved every year worldwide. If the fetal hydrops and huge lesions aren't becoming a barrier then survival rates increase by 85-90%. 

3. WHAT ACTIVITIES SHOULD NOT BE PERFORMED BY A PERSON WITH CCAM?

  • High and long jumps
  • Swimming
  • Skydiving
  • Paragliding

All these should be strictly avoided.

4. WHAT HAPPENS IN PREGNANCY ?

If a child is suspected with CCAM the doctors do the diagnosis and tests such as several ultrasound, MRI, CRX, etc. in the 5th month of pregnancy. In maximum cases when a child grows, eventually CCAM starts contracting and at the end it vanishes. But in rare cases if CCAM is left untreated it may lead to death.

5. HOW TO TREAT CCAM BEFORE THE BIRTH OF BABY ?

It is not easy but if Mom's health is good then it can be treated by taking out the half of the body of a baby and after treating it again the uterus is closed.

Top Doctors For Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation Treatment

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Dr. Mahesh Janarthanan Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 6 years | Hospital: Sri Ramachandra Medical Centre (SRMC)
Dr. Vidya Krishna Pediatrics | Gender: Female | Experience: 11 years | Hospital: Sri Ramachandra Medical Centre (SRMC)
Dr. P. Venkatraman Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 30 years | Hospital: Sri Ramachandra Medical Centre (SRMC)
Dr. S. Elayaraja Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Sri Ramachandra Medical Centre (SRMC)
Dr. P. N. Vinoth Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 7 years | Hospital: Sri Ramachandra Medical Centre (SRMC)
Dr. Saji James Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 17 years | Hospital: Sri Ramachandra Medical Centre (SRMC)
Dr. P. S. Rajakumar Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Sri Ramachandra Medical Centre (SRMC)
Dr. Latha Ravichandran Pediatrics | Gender: Female | Experience: 23 years | Hospital: Sri Ramachandra Medical Centre (SRMC)
Dr. S. Shuba Pediatrics | Gender: Female | Experience: 18 years | Hospital: Sri Ramachandra Medical Centre (SRMC)
Dr. P. Anitha Pediatrics | Gender: Female | Experience: 5 years | Hospital: Sri Ramachandra Medical Centre (SRMC)
Dr. Abhishek Kulkarni Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Narayana Hospital
Mr. C. R. Satish Kumar Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Manipal Hospitals, Bengaluru
Dr. A. Sivagnanam Pediatrics | Gender: Female | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Manipal Hospitals, Bengaluru
Dr. Anuradha Vinod Pediatrics | Gender: Female | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Manipal Hospitals, Bengaluru
Dr. Gursev Sandlas Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital
Dr. Hariram Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 30 years | Hospital: Fortis Hospital, Bengaluru
Dr. Deepa Sharma Pediatrics | Gender: Female | Experience: 20 years | Hospital: Apollo Indraprastha
Dr. Anupam Sibal Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 23 years | Hospital: Apollo Indraprastha
Dr. Gülen Usanmaz Pediatrics | Gender: Female | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Hisar Intercontinental
Dr. Gülden Kafali Pediatrics | Gender: Female | Experience: 20 years | Hospital: Hisar Intercontinental
Dr. Nuh Duman Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 33 years | Hospital: Hisar Intercontinental
Dr. Yunus Nas Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 28 years | Hospital: Hisar Intercontinental
Dr. Mahi Kasap Pediatrics | Gender: Female | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Hisar Intercontinental
Dr. Anurag Krishna Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 30 years | Hospital: Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket
Dr. Mufique Gajdhar Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Ajman
Dr. Amira Omer Abdelrahman Pediatrics | Gender: Female | Experience: 13 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Dubai
Dr. Mamata Bothra Pediatrics | Gender: Female | Experience: 11 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Dubai
Dr. Fozi Abozaid Dakilah Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 20 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Dubai
Dr. Ahmar Shamim Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 5 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Dubai
Dr. Anil Kumar Shetty Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 16 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Tawfiq Nasir Fawazi Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 4 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Vishal Rajmal Mehta Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 15 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Rashmi Anandani Pediatrics | Gender: Female | Experience: 8 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Feras Al Hamed Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 8 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Ahmed Said Ahmed Ateek Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 40 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Deve Dass Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 7 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Waseem Ahmed Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 24 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Sameer Sajwani Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Mirvat Osman Pediatrics | Gender: Female | Experience: 15 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Saba Junaid Pediatrics | Gender: Female | Experience: 9 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Habib Mansour Sammouh Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 20 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Haitham Elsayed Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Eman Alayadi Salem Pediatrics | Gender: Female | Experience: 15 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Younis Mohd. Khalid Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Kamalesh Pal Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 17 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Hala Kamal El Din Ibrahim Pediatrics | Gender: Female | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Mohammed Wajid Chaudhary Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 19 years | Hospital: NMC Royal AbuDhabi
Dr. Mohamed Laban Pediatrics | Gender: Male | Experience: 12 years | Hospital: NMC Royal AbuDhabi
Dr. Sweta Swaminath Pediatrics | Gender: Female | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: NMC Royal AbuDhabi
Dr. Smita Malhotra Pediatrics | Gender: Female | Experience: 7 years | Hospital: Apollo Indraprastha
Dr. Sevil Bilir Göksügür Pediatrics | Gender: Female | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Hisar Intercontinental
Dr. Amita Mahajan Pediatrics | Gender: Female | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: Apollo Indraprastha

Top Hospitals For Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation Treatment

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Thumbay Hospital, Dubai With our Hospitals and Medical Centre in Ajman, Fujairah, Sharjah, Dubai and Hyderabad (India), Thum
Maharaja Agrasen Hospital, Bengaluru The Maharaja Agrasen Hospital is located in the heart of Bangalore and is known of its excellence in
Columbia Asia Hospital, Bengaluru Columbia Asia is an international healthcare group operating a chain of modern hospitals across Indi
Gleaneagles Global Hospital, Mumbai Gleneagles Global Hospital, Mumbai offers end-to-end clinical, surgical and diagnostic services. The
Primus Super Speciality Hospital, Delhi Primus Super Speciality Hospital is a state of the art multi specialty hospital,conveniently located
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