Inadequate production of insulin (which is made by the pancreas and lowers blood glucose), orInadequate sensitivity of cells to the action of insulin.
The two main types of diabetes correspond to these two mechanisms and are called insulin dependent (type 1) and non-insulin dependent (type 2) diabetes. In type 1 diabetes there is no insulin or not enough of it. In type 2 diabetes, there is generally enough insulin but the cells upon which it should act are not normally sensitive to its action.
Diabetes is diagnosed by blood glucose testing, the glucose tolerance test, and testing of the level of glycosylated hemoglobin (glycohemoglobin or hemoglobin A1C). The mode of treatment depends on the type of the diabetes.
The major complications of diabetes include dangerously elevated blood sugar, abnormally low blood sugar due to diabetes medications, and disease of the blood vessels which can damage the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and heart.
The goal of diabetes management is to keep blood glucose levels as close to normal as safely possible. Since diabetes may greatly increase risk for heart disease and peripheral artery disease, measures to control blood pressure and cholesterol levels are an essential part of diabetes treatment as well.
People with diabetes must take responsibility for their day-to-day care. This includes monitoring blood glucose levels, dietary management, maintaining physical activity, keeping weight and stress under control, monitoring oral medications and, if required, insulin use via injections or pump.
• Frequent urination, especially waking up frequently in the night to go
• Increased thirst
• Increased hunger
• Constant bad breath
• Feeling tired, even after a good night’s sleep
• Blurry vision that changes from day to day
• Having cuts and wounds that are slow to heal
• Tingling, numbness or pain in your hands and feet
• Skin changes, such as sudden dark spots around the nape of your neck or under your armpits
• Getting frequent urinary tract, yeast or vaginal infections
• Losing or gaining weight without trying to
• Having frequent gum infections
• Feeling itchy all the time, due to yeast infections, dry skin or poor circulation.
• Heredity and family history
• Physical Inactivity
• Genetic Mutations
• Hormone Disorder
• Cystic Fibrosis
• Hemochromatosis (blood creating too much iron)
not available currently