Helicobacter Pylori

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Helicobacter pylori or H. pylori infection usually occurs mainly when your stomach is infected by the H.pylori bacteria. This happens most of the time during childhood and it is the most common cause of peptic ulcers in people. H. pylori infection is expected to be present in more than half the population in the world. People don’t get sick from the bacteria since most of the people never realize that they have H. pylori infection H. pylori bacteria infection can usually be treated with antibiotics.In case if you show signs of a peptic ulcer, you will be asked to probably test for H. pylori infection and your doctor will treat you with antibiotics. At times, infection by H. pylori can also lead to stomach cancer. H. pylori infection caused by the bacteria can usually be prevented by practicing good and clean habits.

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Helicobacter Pylori

H. pylori Treatment and Diagnosis:

pylori usually involves the following treatment procedures:

Prior to the Treatment:

  • In order to diagnose, your doctor will perform a blood test. This will reveal the evidence of either an active or sometimes a previous H. pylori infection in your body. Whatsoever, breath as well as stool tests are sometimes better at detecting H. pylori active infections than a blood test.
  • Breath test is also carried out where your doctor will ask you to swallow a pill or liquid or at times pudding which contains carbon tagged molecules. In case you have an infection of H. pylori, carbon is actually released when the solution is mostly broken down in the stomach.
  • Stool antigen test is also taken through which foreign proteins or antigens that are associated with H. pylori infection in stool are detected. Unlike the breath test, PPIs as well as bismuth subsalicylate can mostly affect the results of stool tests. So in most of the cases, your doctor will mostly ask you to stop taking it for two weeks before the test.
  • You will be asked to take a scope test where you will be sedated for upper endoscopy exam. 
  • In order to diagnose, your doctor will thread a long flexible tube that is equipped with a tiny camera or endoscope down to your throat, esophagus as well as into your stomach and also duodenum. 
  • This instrument will allow the doctor in order to view any abnormalities especially in your upper digestive tract and also it will be helpful to remove tissue samples (biopsy)

During the Treatment:

  • In order for H. pylori infections to be treated, your doctor will at once will give at least two different antibiotics. 
  • This will help to prevent the bacteria especially from developing a resistance especially to one particular antibiotic. 
  • Most of the time, your doctor will also prescribe or maybe at times recommend an acid-suppressing drug in order to heal your stomach lining.
  • Drugs like PPIs or proton pump inhibitors are actually given to stop acid from produced in your stomach
  • Histamine or H2 blockers are also provided through which it can block histamine which actually triggers acid production
  • Other durg named Bismuth subsalicylate is recommended by your doctor to be taken which works to protect from stomach acid

Prognosis, Post-Treatment and Recovery:

  • Your doctor who treats you usually recommends in order for you to undergo testing for H. pylori infection at least 4weeks after the treatment. 
  • In case your tests show that your first treatment was unsuccessful, your doctor may ask you to undergo another round of treatment which is a different antibiotic medication combination.
  • Frequent follow ups by your doctor will be recommended by your doctor post surgery or post treatment
  • Your doctor will advise you to carry on with your treatment as long as the drug you are taking is effective

H.pylori Complications:

Some of the complications associated with H.pylori are as follows:

  • Internal bleeding that can lead to peptic ulcers
  • Tumor blocks in stomach
  • Perforation that breaks in your stomach
  • Peritonitis in the abdomen lining
  • Ulcers
  • Stomach cancer
  • Inflammation of stomach lining

H.pylori Risk Factors:

Kids are the most affected by this infection. However, these are the risk factors:

  • Greater risk of getting the infection if you live in crowded places
  • Having unreliable supply of clean water can rise the risk
  • Living in developing countries can also rise the risk
  • Someone who has H.pylori infection can also risk your risk

H.pylori Risk Prevention:

These are few ways to keep the H.pylori infection at bay:

  • Wash your hands frequently especially if you use bathroom frequently
  • Avoid food or sometimes water that is not really clean.
  • Do not eat anything that is not well cooked thoroughly.
  • Always avoid types of food that is served by people where people haven’t washed their hands.

Symptoms

Though most of the people doesn’t show any signs of the infection, these are few of the symptoms of H.pylori infection:

  • Burning pain or ache in abdomen
  • Worse abdominal pain (Especially when your stomach is empty)
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Frequent burping
  • Bloating
  • Unintentional weight loss

Causes

The cause of H.pylori infections are still unknown. It is known that this bacteria have coexisted in humans for thousands of years. The bacteria is usually passed on from one human direct contact either with saliva or fecal or vomit to another person. It is also known to be spread through contaminated water or food.

FAQ

1. Is H.pylori contagious?

H.pylori is usually passed on to other people mostly by contaminated food or poor hygiene factors. And it is contagious. 

2. What kind of disease does helicobacter pylori cause?

Helicobacter pylori usually cause gastritis as well as stomach cancer.

3. What is helicobacter pylori gastritis?

It is the inflammation of the lining of the stomach and H.pylori bacteria can usually cause gastritis.

4. What is h pylori triple therapy?

It is the first-line therapy with an oral proton pump which is given twice daily for two weeks for helicobacter pylori eradication.

5. How can I cure stomach ulcer permanently?

Probiotics, cranberry, garlic and flavonoids can help cure stomach ulcer permanently.