Acute can become chronic with its asymptomatic nature that’s why its other name is a silent epidemic. Symptoms are:
- Abdominal pain
- Light yellowish skin which can form jaundice (in some cases)
- Joint and muscle pain
- Stool changes its colour to dull grey, brown, or dark orange-red.
- Loss of appetite
- Dark urine
If this stays for a longer time then knock at the hepatologist’s door, to check the severity some tests will be conducted to know the source of hepatitis-C and its mildness level will test.
- Bloodborne pathogens
- Using contaminated needles with blood in it
- Using someone’s razors
- Using other injections
- Rare but possibility is there that intercourse can cause Hepatiti-C.
- People born before 1992 and going for an organ transplant can have chances.
- Using others toothbrushes (in rare cases can cause Hepatitis-C)
- Piercing and getting a tattoo if the tool is used by another person and isn’t cleaned properly then can cause Hepatitis-C.
More about Treatment
Hepatitis C can cause inflammation or swelling of the liver. The unfortunate thing about hepatitis C is the vaccine isn’t found yet but still, researchers are on the road to fetching it and the fortunate thing is if the disease isn’t chronic then it can be treated accurately.
Hepatitis-C is an infectious disease that can cause chronic liver disease due to the presence of the hepatitis C virus. It passes from an infectious person’s blood to a normal person via blood and body fluids. It can be mild or acute.
Doctors several times fail to detect the source of infection. People whose body keeps the virus for a longer time in the body are referred to as chronic carriers. As per the report of the World Health Organisation more than 70 million people are experiencing Hepatitis C. In acute hepatitis, C symptoms aren’t easily noticeable. Also, 60-80% of people with hepatitis-C are unknown to the fact that they are suffering from it. It is said that people at the age of 45 or above have more chances of hepatitis C. Chronic disease is 20-30% more capable of giving rise to cirrhosis or liver cancer.
ACUTE HEPATITIS -C
Acute is short term hepatitis but its symptoms can last from 1-2 weeks to 5-6 months. But the dangerous side of its acuteness is, in more than half of the cases it may convert into chronic. Acute normalizes with time and even without treatment, but to go for tests and diagnosis is mandatory.
CHRONIC HEPATITIS- C
When the acute hepatitis is left untreated virus continues to stay in the body and spreads, as a result, more damage occurs to the liver and chronic hepatitis-C occurs.
In this stage, livers scarring may start. Liver damage and cirrhosis lead to partial or non-working of the liver. In some people, symptoms start appearing when the liver doesn’t function properly, till then they don’t realize about the virus in their body.
- Blood clotting
- Joint and muscle pain
- Fluid in abdomen
- Loss of appetite
- During childbirth, the mother can pass on hepatitis C to the child.
- Blood clotting problems before 1992
- Blood transfusion and organ transplant before 1992
- Taking treatment of hemodialysis for a longer period
- Using used syringe
- Unsterile tools of body piercing and tattoos.
WHICH PEOPLE HAVE MORE CHANCES OF HEPATITIS C?
- Baby boomers
- Health care volunteers or workers
- Multiple people use one needle for drugs
- People who change sex partners frequently
- Born before the invention of screening tests for Hepatitis-C
TREATMENTS FOR HEPATITIS C
For people with the strong immune system doctors generally don’t suggest any treatments and don’t prescribe any medicines but he/she surely examines the health of your liver through some tests like:
- Alkaline phosphate
Apart from this, DAAs or Direct-acting antiviral medicines have been efficient to date for curing hepatitis-C especially acute ones, and its success rates are 80-90% also makes the entire treatment speedy and comfortable for patients. A list of some of them is below:
- Mavyret types Glecaprevir and Pibrentasvir
- Soffosbuvir and voxilaprevir types of Vosevi
- Elbasvir and glazoprevir types of Zepatier
- Harvoni (ledipesvir)
Side effects of DAA :
These medicines don’t harm the parts and organs of the body but it certainly has some minor side effects such as :
- Anaemia ( lacks cells to send required oxygen to the body’s tissues)
- Heartbeat fluctuates
The aim of these DAAs is to :
- Boost up the life of the HCV containing the patient.
- Increase the liver’s functioning
- Decrease the scarring or cirrhosis
- Stop the passing of HCV to others.
However, the treatment largely varies with the genotype of the virus and its total damage to the patient’s body.
HEPATITIS -C PREVENTION
- Stop using others razors for shaving and waxing
- Don’t keep a physical relationship with the partner who is diagnosed with
- Do not use anyone’s toothbrush
- Choose tattoo artist and piercing studios which are permitted by the government and follow all the safety and infection prevention rules.
- Do not share nail clippers ( people mostly use one nail clipper at home)
- No solid way to prevent hepatitis C from mother to child is found yet but efforts to create one continue.
- If someone is suffering from a burn or severe blood exposing cuts then do not touch them and if it becomes necessary to touch then wear protective equipment like medical gloves.
DIAGNOSIS FOR HEPATITIS -C
- To assure virus presence in the liver of a person blood test plays a vital role.
- If the blood test comes negative then either you don’t have hepatitis-C or your acute HCV is reducing.
- Then HCV viral load test is also done to analyze RNA, if your body has HCV RNA then definitely you have Hepatitis-C
- Polymerase chain reaction fetches the virus within a month of infection.
- Another option is liver biopsy, pathologist does this by taking a small sample of the liver’s tissue and puts it under the microscope to know the exact problem.
- MRI scanning is also performed.
MEDICATIONS FOR HEPATITIS-C
- If drugs are combined with other effective drugs then shows instant results. Regular medications like pegylated interferon and Roferon -A both are the most reliable options which doctors are prescribing for decades. But injections of pegylated interferon can cause serious side effects if taken more than 1-2 times in a week.
- When ombitasvir is mixed with dasabuvir and paritaprevir gives about 80-85% relief from Hepatitis -C and may cure it almost.
- Another drug is ribavirin it is taken from the mouth as it is in the form of a capsule, trustworthy companies which make ribavirin are Rebetol, Copegus, and ribasphere, you can find all these at local chemist’s shop.
- For these medications and treatments insurance providers may give the patient some selected per cent of insurance.
- The doctor prescribes the course of these medicines and once it’s over a blood test is done again if it contains some per cent of the virus then further tests and medicines will be prescribed accordingly.
Antibody tests - If the results are positive or doubtful then the doctor will conduct a few more tests to come to the final conclusion and till another appointment may ask you to avoid participating in any kind of blood donation camps and do not proceed for intercourse.
Hepatitis- C screening becomes necessary in certain circumstances:
- If some traces of virus is found in your family member ( due to sharing nail clippers, razors, toothbrush, etc.)
- If a doctor suggests you perform tests for HIV also.
- If your liver is working 50-75% or less.
COMPLICATIONS OF HEPATITIS- C
The two major complications are cirrhosis and liver damage.
Cirrhosis further causes complications like:
- Oversized blood vessels
- Liver cancer
- Gall stones
- Kidney failure
- Splenomegaly or enlarged spleen
- Higher sensitivity to medications
To prevent cirrhosis:
- Eat healthy food
- Avoid alcohol
- Practice safe sex habits use diaphragm, condom or copper-T.
- Is there any vaccine for Hepatitis C?
Sadly no vaccine is discovered yet but there numerous ways which can help patients to fight against this condition such as:
- Putting a brake on donating semen and blood
- Talk freely about your condition to a super-specialist doctor
- Ask the doctor about Harvoni and Viekira medicines
- Apply bandages and antiseptics to the wounds
- What’s the cost of hepatitis C treatments?
- For two months course, Mavyret types Glecaprevir and Pibrentasvir can cost $15,000-$30,000. But it is worth it as its success rate is above 95%.
- Sofosbuvir and voxilaprevir types of Vosevi per pill can cost $600-$800 so for a 2-3 months course it can cost $60,000-$75,000.
- Harvoni’s cost is $50,000-$70,000 for a 12-14 weeks course
- What’s the difference between Hepatitis-B and Hepatitis C?
- Hepatitis B - It doesn’t divide into two parts.
- Hepatitis C - It divides into two parts, acute and chronic.
- Hepatitis B - Vaccine is discovered and its name is Heplisav-B ( people with the age 1 or above can only take).
- Hepatitis C - Vaccine isn’t found yet.
Top Doctors For Hepatitis C Treatment
Choose specialists in a country
- More Countries
Top Hospitals For Hepatitis C Treatment
Choose hospitals in a country
- More Countries