Hodgkin’s Disease is a kind of lymphoma which is normally present in a group and lymphoma is a kind of a blood cancer, which begins either in lymphatic system or in lymph nodes. The roots of Hodgkin’s lymphoma are present in White blood cells and which helps the immune system as it forms a shell against germs and infections and protects. But when Hodgkin's Lymphoma ( Hodgkin's Disease) happens, cells become abnormal and it can spread to any part of the body.
- Loss of appetite
- Pain in Lymph nodes during alcohol consumption
- Night sweats
- Breathing problems
- Swelling in arms, shoulders, neck
- Unreasonable weight loss
Just like other cancers the reason is still hidden but people have made theories. Such as people with Eptstein-Barr virus, gene mutation becomes active through lymphocytes, HIV infected are more prone to this.
More about Treatment
Hodgkin’s Disease affects two age groups mostly :
People who are between 15- 30 years
People who are over 55 years.
Around 2000-2500 new cases of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma occur every year and most of them are seen in people between the age 20-29. Without diagnosis and treatment disease spreads widely and it becomes very difficult to handle. More than Hodgkin’s, non-hodgkin’s disease is common and seen in many people. The actual reason for Hodgkin's disease isn’t found yet but some assumptions are made.
STAGES OF HODGKIN’S LYMPHOMA
When HD is detected, it divides into 4 stages, all stages describing the whole cycle from the beginning to its extremity and also from mildness to intense level.
Stage 1 ( INITIAL STAGE ) - It shows that only one area of the lymphatic system is affected, and mild symptoms start appearing.
Stage 2 ( INTERMEDIATE)- It is present on one side of the diaphragm, and presents one or two lymph nodes of particular side, above or below.
Stage 3 ( ADVANCED)- It starts spreading on the other side as well from the infected side.
Stage 4 ( HIGHLY ADVANCED)- It gradually affects spleen, liver or bone marrow.
HODGKIN’S DISEASE RISK FACTORS
- Hodgkin’s lymphoma is mostly seen in males than in females.
- People with AIDS and HIV have more chances.
- If someone has thyroid then Hodgkin’s can catch.
- A person with family history is susceptible to HD.
HODGKIN’S LYMPHOMA TREATMENT
Stage level decides the treatment, your lifestyle and symptoms, ofcourse. The mission behind the Hodgkin’s Lymphoma treatment is to vanish more abnormal cells and to keep normal cells intact.
Radiation Therapy - Radiation therapy can alone effortlessly detect and destroy stage 1, high energy beams for example X - rays are generously used in this treatment. By lying on the hospital or clinic's bed, radiation moves around the infected area, this treatment takes 30-45 mins per session.
Chemotherapy - Orally anticancer drugs or medicines are given when one opts this treatment. It passes through blood stream or veins and moves towards all the parts of the body.
Chemotherapy treatment is done in two ways - either by giving tablets orally or through injections. Chemotherapy should be done for a limited time as it has life-threatening side effects starting from hair loss to heart and lung problems. Chemotherapy could be done individually or by combining it with radiation therapy, depending on doctor’s advice or patient's preference.
Bone marrow Transplant - Another names are stem cell transplant and immunotherapy. When bone marrow gets affected, immediate requirement of healthy cells arises and then stem cells are implanted. Some infections may happen after this treatment
Other therapies - Some doctors may recommend targeted Drug therapy.
HODGKIN’S LYMPHOMA DIAGNOSIS
Some physical tests are conducted by doctors along with analysis of medical history.
Blood tests - A sample of blood can help to detect the cancerous cells. It can also detects the count of RBC, WBC and platelets.
Bone marrow biopsy - Penetration of needle in hip bone can trace the bone marrow cells removes that out.
Lymph node biopsy - Increased size of lymph nodes can be monitored by this test.
1. What’s the life expectancy of a person suffering from Hodgkin’s Disease ?
If known in early stage, and quick precise treatment and diagnosis reduces the chances of HD to pass in another stage by 90-95%
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