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Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)

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Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)

NAFLD is the accumulation of fatty substances in the liver not caused by alcohol. Symptoms are often not visible but can include weakness fatigue, itchy skin, etc. Treatments can be medications and diet to manage the condition.

The liver is one of the most important organs in the body when it has to do with metabolism processes that take place in the body. Its role in the body is very vital as it aids in digestion, stores energy, and eliminating toxic waste from the body.  A healthy liver should no little or no fat.

WHAT IS NONALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER DISEASE (NAFLD)?

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease occurs when there are fatty substances that have assimilated in the liver but do not have an alcoholic cause. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease can lead to hepatic steatosis when up to 10% of the liver's weight is fat.

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is used to describe a range of conditions due to the build-up of fatty substances in the liver. Most obese or overweight people stands at risk of developing NAFLD. An estimate of 1 in every 3 persons has small amounts of fat in their liver and about 25% of the world population are affected.

STAGES OF NONALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER DISEASE(NAFLD)

There are several stages of NAFLD namely:

  • Simple Fatty Liver 

This occurs when there is fat in the liver but little or no inflammation or liver cell damage. It does not cover complications.

  • Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis 

Here, both fatty tissues and inflammation of liver cells occur and much damage is done to the liver. This inflammation can cause fibrosis or scarring in the liver which could lead to cancer of the liver.

  • Fibrosis

This occurs when continuous inflammation leads to scarring tissue around the liver and its blood supply.

  • Cirrhosis 

This is a very severe stage. Here, the liver cells shrink and start scarring creating permanent damage and lead to liver failure. It takes time for the liver to get to this level.

Symptoms

Initially, symptoms may not be visible. The symptoms of NAFLD includes:

  • Dull or acute pain at the top right of the tummy
  • Easily fatigued
  • Drastic weight loss
  • Weakness
  • Jaundice
  • Itchy skin
  • Edema; swelling at the ankles

Causes

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More about Treatment

DIAGNOSIS OF NAFLD

NAFLD can be diagnosed using:

  • Examination of your medical history.
  • Examining your weight to check if you are obese.
  • A blood test called liver function test
  • Scans such as ultrasound scan; a type of scan that uses sound waves to create an image of the abdomen and its content
  • The biopsy will be needed in severe cases
  • People with diabetes type 2, especially children, need to have an ultrasound scan at least every 3 years.

TREATMENT AND MANAGEMENT

The early stages of NAFLD may not have serious complications as the liver cells are yet to be affected but it can pose serious issues later if not managed effectively.

Currently, there is no specific medication but a healthy way of life could effectively manage it.

  • You will be treated for any underlying associated condition such as high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, etc.
  • Medications will be given to help manage the condition and associated conditions
  • A liver transplant could be carried out if the liver is severely damaged. This could be just a part of the entire liver.

For management, keep to the following guidelines:

  • Regular exercise will be advised in other to lose weight.
  • Avoiding smoking.
  • Eating a balanced diet can help.
  • Although NAFLD is not caused by drinking alcohol, it is still advisable to avoid alcohol drinking, as it can worsen the condition.
  • Vitamin E can also help.
  • Weight loss will be advised.

PREVENTION 

Preventive measures include:

  • Maintain a healthy meal
  • Exercising regularly
  • Getting vaccination against hepatitis A and B, flu, and pneumococcal disease
  • Avoiding obesity and high cholesterol in taking.

FAQ

  • Does NAFLD cause elevated liver enzymes?

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is one of the common causes of elevated liver enzymes, especially in people with infectious hepatitis.

  • How can I protect my liver?

The liver can be protected by taking measures such as preventing overweight, maintaining healthy diets, increasing physical activities and exercises, reducing cholesterol intake, reducing your alcohol intake, avoiding smoking, etc.

  • Which diet is the best for NAFLD?

Fruits such as berries, grapes, garlic,  grapefruit, prickly pear, nuts, olive oil, fish, etc could produce a healthy effect on the liver. Avoid foods and drinks rich in simple sugars

  • Can you reverse NAFLD?

NAFLD does not need any special medication if there are no associated conditions. Adjustment and healthy living can control and reverse the fatty buildup in the liver.

  • Is egg good for NAFLD?

Recent studies have shown that the increase in consumption of eggs daily could lead to NAFLD, although it might be affected by factors such as age, gender, alcohol consumption, etc.

Top Doctors For Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) Treatment

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Dr. B. S. Ramakrishna Digestive – Gastro Enterology | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: SIMS Hospital, Chennai
Dr. Patta Radhakrishna Digestive – Gastro Enterology | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: SIMS Hospital, Chennai
Dr. Abhishek Jain Digestive – Gastro Enterology | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Narayana Hospital
Dr. Anand Dotihal Digestive – Gastro Enterology | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Manipal Hospitals, Bengaluru
Dr. Divakar Jain Digestive – Gastro Enterology | Gender: Male | Experience: 13 years | Hospital: Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital
Dr. Gaurav Mehta Digestive – Gastro Enterology | Gender: Male | Experience: 15 years | Hospital: Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital
Dr. Dattatray Solanke Digestive – Gastro Enterology | Gender: Male | Experience: 8 years Hospital: Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital
Prof. Dr. Ömer Necip Aytuğ Digestive – Gastro Enterology | Gender: Male | Experience: 39 years | Hospital: Hisar Intercontinental
Dr. Kaushal Madan Digestive – Gastro Enterology | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket
Dr. Vivek Raj Digestive – Gastro Enterology | Gender: Male | Experience: 20 years | Hospital: Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket
Dr. Shailesh Kumar Digestive – Gastro Enterology | Gender: Male | Experience: 15 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Ajman
Dr. Piyush Somani Digestive – Gastro Enterology | Gender: Male | Experience: 5 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Dubai
Dr. Syed Naveed Azam Digestive – Gastro Enterology | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Agkop Avakian Digestive – Gastro Enterology | Gender: Male | Experience: 26 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Najib Zeidan Digestive – Gastro Enterology | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Mustafa El Hakam Digestive – Gastro Enterology | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Arindam Ghosh Digestive – Gastro Enterology | Gender: Male | Experience: 28 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Kadry Barry Digestive – Gastro Enterology | Gender: Male | Experience: 38 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Yogesh Batra Digestive – Gastro Enterology | Gender: Male | Experience: 29 years | Hospital: Apollo Indraprastha

Top Hospitals For Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) Treatment

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Columbia Asia Hospital, Bengaluru Columbia Asia is an international healthcare group operating a chain of modern hospitals across Indi
Kerala Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Trivandrum KIMS HEALTHCARE GROUP is one of Asia’s leading multi-specialty hospital networks focussed on provi
Peerless Hospital, Kolkata 400 bed Multi-Specialty Peerless Hospital & B.K.Roy Research Centre is build around the core princip
Ramesh Hospital, Vijayawada Ramesh Hospital’s Main Centre flagship unit, located in the heart of Vijayawada, has been offering
Primus Super Speciality Hospital, Delhi Primus Super Speciality Hospital is a state of the art multi specialty hospital,conveniently located
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