"Osteo" means "bone" and "malacia" means "soft", hence, simply put, osteomalacia is the softening of the bone.
Osteomalacia is said to occur when the bones become soft and weak, due to the inability of the bone to mineralize making it easily broken. This condition may be due to a severe lack of vitamin D, which affects the bone maturing process. In the body, vitamin D controls the amount of calcium and phosphorus absorbed by the body. These elements help in protecting the inner matrix of the bone. The softening of bones that occurs when the bones do not have enough minerals for formation. It is different from osteoporosis and when the condition happens in children, it is called "rickets". Symptoms can become severe if not treated early.
Osteomalacia can occur in children and it is called "Rickets". It tends to happen during pregnancy and more common in women than men.
Osteomalacia vs Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is not the same as osteomalacia as osteoporosis is the weakening of the bone that is already formed and remodeled, whereas osteomalacia is the softening of bones that occurs during the formation of the bones.
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