Your Safety is our top priority Find updates and information about how the Coronavirus (COVID-19) affects medical travel. X
     
Author

Osteomalacia

Contact With Us

Osteomalacia

Osteomalacia

"Osteo" means "bone" and "malacia" means "soft", hence, simply put, osteomalacia is the softening of the bone.  

Osteomalacia is said to occur when the bones become soft and weak, due to the inability of the bone to mineralize making it easily broken. This condition may be due to a severe lack of vitamin D, which affects the bone maturing process. In the body, vitamin D controls the amount of calcium and phosphorus absorbed by the body. These elements help in protecting the inner matrix of the bone. The softening of bones that occurs when the bones do not have enough minerals for formation. It is different from osteoporosis and when the condition happens in children, it is called "rickets". Symptoms can become severe if not treated early.

Osteomalacia can occur in children and it is called "Rickets". It tends to happen during pregnancy and more common in women than men.

Osteomalacia vs Osteoporosis 

Osteoporosis is not the same as osteomalacia as osteoporosis is the weakening of the bone that is already formed and remodeled, whereas osteomalacia is the softening of bones that occurs during the formation of the bones. 

Symptoms

The symptoms of osteomalacia include:

  • The weakness of the muscles
  • Bones break easily
  • Pains at the lower back, pelvis, legs, and ribs.
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Numbness around mouth, arms, and legs
  • Easily tired
  • Stiffness at joints
  • Problems standing, sitting, or walking up the stairs.

Causes

Osteomalacia can be caused by the following factors such as:

  • Insufficient vitamin D in the body due to limited exposure to sunlight and eating meals low in vitamin D, hence calcium absorption is affected.
  • Surgeries are done to remove part or to bypass the small intestine, which could interfere with the absorption of vitamin D or calcium.
  • When there is damage to the lining of the small intestine, as in celiac disease, affecting the absorption of vitamin D.
  • Problems associated with the kidney or liver.
  • Intestinal issues.
  • Some cancer can affect your body's processing of Vitamin D.
  • Some medications for seizures.
  • Although rare, it could be genetic.
  • Malnutrition during pregnancy and in breastfeeding mothers.

More about Treatment

RISK FACTORS

The risk factor of osteomalacia includes:

  • Little or no exposure to sunlight due too illness
  • A meal low in vitamin D
  • People who cover their skin a lot may be due to religious reasons
  • People with kidney failure, liver conditions 
  • Dark skin individuals.

COMPLICATIONS OF OSTEOMALACIA

When osteomalacia is left untreated for a while, it has the potential of resulting in serious conditions such as:

  • Broken bones and severe bone deformity
  • Waddling, side to side stride
  • Bowing growth especially in children

DIAGNOSIS OF OSTEOMALACIA

The symptoms of osteomalacia are not usually visible until after a while. A person with osteomalacia can have this condition for up to 2 years before realizing it. Early diagnosis of this condition could lead to rapid recovery.

You will be:

  • Physically examined and medical history checked
  • A blood test to ascertain the level of calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D.
  • Undergo scans such as bone mineral density scans and X-rays to show the cracks in the bone.
  • You may be also tested for alkaline phosphatase isoenzymes.
  • A bone biopsy may be carried out.

TREATMENT

Osteomalacia can be cured with proper medication. Such medications include: 

  • Taking supplements for vitamin D, if it is caused by vitamin D, regularly.
  • You will be given pain medications to help ease the pains in the bone and muscle cramps.
  • You will be advised to expose yourself to sufficient sunlight.
  • Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol in moderation.
  • Exercising regularly and eating healthy diets.
  • You will treat for any underlying conditions that lead to vitamin D insufficiency.

RECOVERY RATE

A lot of persons recover from osteomalacia though It may take up to 6months for complete healing to occur. Improvements may be seen in a few weeks with the increase in taking of mineral supplements such as vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorus.

FAQ

  • What food should I eat that contains vitamin D?

There is food that is naturally rich in vitamin D and they include oily fish like salmon, mackerel, sardines, egg yolk, red meat, etc. Some food fortified with vitamin D can be eaten also and they include cereal, milk, yogurt.

Although, sunlight remains the best source of vitamin D.

  • How is osteomalacia likely to affect me?

Osteomalacia could lead to bone fracture and pains in the muscles and sometimes, fatigue and irregular heartbeat, accompanied by numbness around the mouth, arms, and legs. 

When diagnosed early, recovery could be easy but late diagnoses might delay recovery especially when bones are fractured.

  • What can I do to have healthy bones?

There are things one can do to develop healthy bones. Certain adjustments in our lifestyle and meals could help drastically. They include: 

    1. Getting regular healthy sunlight.
    2. Drinking alcohol in moderation. 
    3. Exercising regularly.
    4. Avoid smoking.
    5. Having a meal rich in minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, vitamin D.
  • Who gets osteomalacia?

Osteomalacia can affect anyone or age group as long as vitamin D supply is deficient, maybe due to lack of sufficient sunlight on their skin or lack of necessary minerals such as phosphorus, calcium, and vitamin D, in diets. 

People commonly affected are pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers and sometimes, children who have high needs for vitamin D.

  • What is the difference between osteoporosis and osteomalacia?

Osteomalacia is different from osteoporosis as osteomalacia occurs during bone formation while osteoporosis is the weakening of the already formed bone.

Top Doctors For Osteomalacia Treatment

Choose specialists in a country

    475

Dr. P. Suryanarayan Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 30 years | Hospital: SIMS Hospital, Chennai
Dr. V. J. Laheri Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: Seven Hills Hospital, Mumbai
Dr. Sanyukta Phukan Banerjee Orthopedics | Gender: Female | Experience: 18 years | Hospital: Primus Super Speciality Hospital, Delhi
Dr. Vaibhav Jain Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Primus Super Speciality Hospital, Delhi
Dr. Shaloo Bhasin Gagneja Orthopedics | Gender: Female | Experience: 15 years | Hospital: Primus Super Speciality Hospital, Delhi
Dr. Nishant Gemini Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 20 years | Hospital: Primus Super Speciality Hospital, Delhi
Dr. Dattatreya Mohapatra Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Primus Super Speciality Hospital, Delhi
Dr. Deepak Thakur Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 15 years | Hospital: Primus Super Speciality Hospital, Delhi
Dr. Surya Bhan Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 35 years | Hospital: Primus Super Speciality Hospital, Delhi
Dr. Dinshaw Pardiwala Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 22 years | Hospital: Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital
Dr. Avinash Date Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital
Mr. Christopher Pedra Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 15 years | Hospital: Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital
Dr. Mani Venugopal Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 36 years | Hospital: Fortis Hospital, Bengaluru
Dr. Jayateerth Kulkarni Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 30 years | Hospital: Fortis Hospital, Bengaluru
Dr. Chander Shekhar Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 32 years | Hospital: Apollo Indraprastha
Prof. Dr. Semih Takka Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Hisar Intercontinental
Dr. Murat Cobanoglu Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 29 years | Hospital: Hisar Intercontinental
Dr. Prasan Deep Rath Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket
Dr. H.N. Bajaj Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket
Dr. Vikas Gupta Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket
Dr. Ramneek Mahajan Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 15 years | Hospital: Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket
Dr. J. Maheshwari Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 35 years | Hospital: Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket
Dr. S.K.S. Marya Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 30 years | Hospital: Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket
Dr. Mujeeb Mahammad Shaik Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 18 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Ajman
Dr. Mohammad Kamel Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 16 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Ajman
Dr. Manoj Kumar Poovakkattillathu Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 15 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Ajman
Dr. Mohamed Hanafy Mohamed Ahmed Salama Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Dubai
Dr. Rajesh Garg Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 5 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Dubai
Dr. Avinash Murlidhar Pulate Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 21 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Dubai
Ms. Rashi Sehgal Orthopedics | Gender: Female | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Ms. Ajina V. Nazrudeen Orthopedics | Gender: Female | Experience: 6 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Shreerang Madhusudan Joshi Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 32 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. John Ranjan Bera Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 20 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Adel Saad El Hawary Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 32 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Sharmila Tulpule Orthopedics | Gender: Female | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Omar Elofi Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 18 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Mohammad Mansour Gaballa Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 37 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. M. Tarek Adnan Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Lothar Fromund Reinhold Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Ashok Kumar Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 15 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Madian Al Terkawi Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Haroon Iqbal Khan Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 15 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Prof. Dr. Rady Warda Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 28 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Prof. Bruno Marelli Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 30 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Issam Mardini Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 20 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Mohamed Elhoussainy Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Nuket Demirok Orthopedics | Gender: Female | Experience: 15 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Ahmed Abogamal Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 20 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Eisa Omer Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 15 years | Hospital: Saudi German Hospital
Dr. Manjit Mohan Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 7 years | Hospital: NMC Royal AbuDhabi
Dr. Ashish R. Ashtekar Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 8 years | Hospital: NMC Royal AbuDhabi
Ms. Vijaya Sambamurthy Orthopedics | Gender: Female | Experience: 5 years | Hospital: NMC Royal AbuDhabi
Dr. Ahmed Kaabneh Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 14 years | Hospital: NMC Royal AbuDhabi
Dr. Ahmad Baashir Yagan Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 11 years | Hospital: NMC Royal AbuDhabi
Dr. Faiza Farsi Orthopedics | Gender: Female | Experience: 9 years | Hospital: NMC Royal AbuDhabi
Dr. Mohamed Mahmoud Ali Mahmoud Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 16 years | Hospital: NMC Royal AbuDhabi
Dr. Swaminath P.V. Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 14 years | Hospital: NMC Royal AbuDhabi
Dr. Sumitra Reddy Orthopedics | Gender: Female | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: NMC Royal AbuDhabi
Dr. Divyashree Pulak Puneet Orthopedics | Gender: Female | Experience: 13 years | Hospital: NMC Royal AbuDhabi
Dr. Omar Ibrahim Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 6 years | Hospital: Al Zahra Dubai
Dr. Uwe Nellessen Johannes Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 20 years | Hospital: Al Zahra Dubai
Dr. Deepak Bhatia Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 15 years | Hospital: Al Zahra Dubai
Dr. Amr Osman Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 14 years | Hospital: Al Zahra Dubai
Dr. Andreas Appelt Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 30 years | Hospital: Al Zahra Dubai
Dr. Mohamed Ragab Elsheshtawy Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 8 years | Hospital: Al Zahra Dubai
Dr. Sabyasachi Banerjee Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 20 years | Hospital: Al Zahra Dubai
Dr. Mohamed Elkabbani Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 17 years | Hospital: Al Zahra Dubai
Dr. Samih Tarabichi Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 35 years | Hospital: Al Zahra Dubai
Dr. Beena Hameed Orthopedics | Gender: Female | Experience: 30 years | Hospital: Al Zahra Dubai
Dr. William Andrew Hodge Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 30 years | Hospital: RAK Hospital
Dr. Amit Chaturvedi Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 20 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Ajman
Dr. Brijesh Valsalan Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Thumbay Hospital, Ajman
Dr. Alaa Eldin Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 27 years | Hospital: Al Zahra Dubai
Dr. Anshu Rajnish Sharma Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 25 years | Hospital: Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital
Dr. Anand T. Galagali Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 26 years | Hospital: Fortis Hospital, Bengaluru
Dr. Anoop Bandil Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 11 years | Hospital: Apollo Indraprastha
Dr. Murat Dökdök Orthopedics | Gender: Male | Experience: 10 years | Hospital: Anadolu Hospital
Dr. Nidhi Goyal Orthopedics | Gender: Female | Experience: 5 years | Hospital: Apollo Indraprastha

Top Hospitals For Osteomalacia Treatment

Choose hospitals in a country

    475

Thumbay Hospital, Dubai With our Hospitals and Medical Centre in Ajman, Fujairah, Sharjah, Dubai and Hyderabad (India), Thum
Maharaja Agrasen Hospital, Bengaluru The Maharaja Agrasen Hospital is located in the heart of Bangalore and is known of its excellence in
Columbia Asia Hospital, Bengaluru Columbia Asia is an international healthcare group operating a chain of modern hospitals across Indi
Gleaneagles Global Hospital, Mumbai Gleneagles Global Hospital, Mumbai offers end-to-end clinical, surgical and diagnostic services. The
Kerala Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Trivandrum KIMS HEALTHCARE GROUP is one of Asia’s leading multi-specialty hospital networks focussed on provi
Whatsapp