Pancreas Transplant is the process of removing an unhealthy pancreas with a healthy pancreas from a deceased donor through surgery. The donor is mostly someone whose brain is dead but still on life support. Pancreas Transplant is usually done for people with diabetics type 1 conditions.
The pancreas is an accessory organ, located behind the lower part of the stomach and it plays a role in digestion and production of insulin in the body. Insulin is a hormone that helps the absorption of glucose into the body.
More about Treatment
Pancreatic Transplant and Diabetes
When the pancreas is not making sufficient insulin, the glucose level in the blood is affected as it leads to an increase of the glucose level in the blood, resulting in type 1 diabetes. A pancreas transplant is mostly done in the treatment of type 1 diabetes, although potent, it is done when by the advice of the doctor due to the side effects of the transplant.
Pancreas Transplant is unlikely to be recommended for the treatment of type 2 Diabetes except in their production rate of insulin is low have low insulin resistance level. This is due to the fact that type 2 diabetes occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin and cannot use insulin in the body suitably. It is only about 10 percent of people with type 2 diabetes that pancreas transplant is recommended.
Types of Pancreas Transplant
a) Pancreas-only Transplant
This transplant involves only the transplant of a healthy pancreas to a recipient's pancreas that is no longer functioning.
b) Combined Kidney-Pancreas Transplant.
This type of pancreatic transplant is done for people with diabetes in the danger of kidney failure with the aim of avoiding diabetes-related kidney damage. The transplant is done simultaneously.
c) Pancreas after Kidney Treatment Transplant.
This is done when the donor for the pancreas is not yet found, but there is a donor for the kidney. The kidney is transplanted first while awaiting a donor for the pancreas.
d) Pancreatic Islet Cells Transplant
Here, the islet cells of the pancreas which is responsible for the production of insulin is injected into a vein taking blood into the liver.
Criteria for Pancreas Transplant Surgery
Before proceeding for a pancreas transplant, the following factors have to be considered to assess eligibility:
- Type 1 diabetes where standard treatment is unresponsive.
- Type 2 diabetes with low insulin resistance and production.
- Severe kidney defect.
- Reactions to insulin.
- Inadequate blood sugar control.
Preparation and Procedure for Pancreas Transplant Surgery
When preparing for a Pancreas Transplant, the first thing to consider is a good transplant center which includes getting details about the type of transplant done there and their survival rate. Anavara provides you with information on quality transplant centers across the globe. For more information, visit us at [email protected]
Next, you will undergo some tests including kidney tests to gather as much information as possible. Then you will be placed on a waiting list, which depends on
- Blood group
- The time interval to get a suitable donor
Most likely, the waiting list should take close to 23 months.
Prior to the Surgery:
- Discuss the surgery with your surgeon, ask all the questions about the surgery you don't understand; the risks, benefits, and how to reduce the risk that comes with the surgery.
- Undergo more tests and examinations to ascertain your health state.
- Sign consent forms for the surgery
- Take your medications seriously
- General anesthesia is given to keep you unconscious during the procedure by means of a mask or injected through your vein.
- Then an incision is made at the center of your lower abdomen and the new pancreas places along with a small portion of the small intestine.
- The donor's intestine is stitched to with either your small intestine or bladder.
- Your pancreas is kept in place to aid digestion.
- If a kidney transplant is involved, the healthy kidney blood vessels are stitched to your blood vessels at your lower abdomen and its ureter connected to your bladder.
- There is no need to remove your kidney except there are complications arising from it.
- During the surgery, your heart rate, blood pressure, and oxygen rate is regularly monitored.
After the Procedure:
You will be taken to the intensive care unit for close monitoring and you will be administered anti-rejection drugs to avoid denial of the donated pancreas by your immune system.
How Long Does a Pancreas Transplant Surgery Take?
It usually takes 3- 6 hours depending on if it is only Pancreas or Kidney being done alone or it's both simultaneously.
The recovery rate of Pancreas Transplant varies according to the procedure used. The complexity of the procedure determines how fast the recovery will be. Nonetheless, it takes 3-5 weeks to leave the hospital with close monitoring. After discharge, it is important that the patient does the following to enable quicker recuperation.
- Frequent visit to the hospital.
- Follow prescribed medications strictly which may be a lifetime.
Possible Complications of Pancreas Transplant
Complications may include:
- Blood clotting in blood vessels
- Excessive bleeding
- Hyperglycemia-increase in glucose level in the blood
- Urinary tract infections
- Rejection of the new pancreas or kidney by your body.
- Nerve damage
When complications come up, do not panic. Make a complaint to your surgeon and he will respond quickly.
According to Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Pancreas Transplant is successful in about 90 percent of recipients within the first year following surgery and more than two-third after 10 years.
Pancreas rejection rates are higher among Pancreas-only transplant recipients. The reason still remains quite unclear although some studies have shown it may be due to the fact that it is quite difficult to monitor the progress of only a pancreas only transplant than a kidney-pancreas transplant.
Cost of Pancreas Transplant
Pancreas Transplant is a delicate surgery; hence, expertise is news to ensure its success. The cost can be properly ascertained after proper consultation has been made. You can learn more about it by contacting us at [email protected]
Where to get a Pancreas Transplant
Anavara has a wide connection with professional surgeons across the globe. We can connect with the best centers for Pancreas Transplant. Visit us at our website: www.anavara.com and email us for inquiries at [email protected]
1. How much is the cost of a Pancreas Transplant?
Pancreas Transplant is a delicate surgery that requires lots of techniques to reduce the risk factors involved in this procedure. Hence, proper cost is based on proper consultation with your doctor. Anavara can provide you with specialists that offer you services at an affordable cost. Contact us: [email protected]
2. What is the long-term outlook after Pancreas Transplantation?
It is a lifetime process and requires a long-time commitment to medications in other to suppress the immune system and reduces incidents of rejection. However, Pancreas Transplant does not last forever.
3. What is rejection?
Rejection is the way the body's immune system response to things it considers foreign to the body's internal environment. After the surgery, it is possible for the body's immune system to consider the new pancreas as a foreign object and try to attack it. However, drugs are given to help suppress this reaction.
4. What happens when the transplanted Pancreas fails?
If the transplanted fails, the recipient has to return to normal management of diabetes with insulin and strict monitoring of blood glucose level. Another surgery is possible; however, the risk involves becomes higher with an increased rate of infections.
5. I have a mild case of diabetes that is easily controlled, can I still perform a transplant?
It is advised not to undergo a pancreas transplant when your diabetes condition can be easily controlled due to its complications and long-term effects.
6. How do I find a reliable hospital with a good surgeon to perform the surgery?
is ready to connect you through their connection with professional specialized surgeons and quality hospitals across the globe. Visit us at www.anavara.com
Top Doctors For Pancreas Transplant Treatment
Choose specialists in a country
- More Countries
Top Hospitals For Pancreas Transplant Treatment
Choose hospitals in a country
- More Countries