It is a mixture of allergy, sinus infection and chemical irritation, when all these interrupt nose passage, sinusitis occurs. Mostly 3 infections are responsible for sinusitis, virus, bacteria and fungi out of which 60-70% i.e. maximum infection happens due to virus then comes bacteria with 20-30 % chances followed by fungi with 10-20%. It mostly stays filled with dust, fluid and germs.
Sinusitis can start from common cold and then it gradually increases to the intense level along with the microorganisms it sticks to the nose. According to a survey, 30-40% of the world population is suffering from Sinusitis, out of which 15% are women. It is comparatively more in big cities where pollution level is very high and hygiene is very less.
TYPES OF SINUSITIS
ACUTE OR MILD SINUSITIS – It stays for 1-2 weeks
SUBACUTE OR MODERATE SINUSITIS – It stays for 3-10 weeks
CHRONIC OR SEVERE SINUSITIS – It stays for more than 10-12 weeks
There are various possible treatment due to which sinusitis can disappear, some are below:
In the first week:
Don’t start taking antibiotics or any other medicines because pills have tons of side effects so start by doing following things:
Drink more water
Stop consuming alcohol and drugs
Start using handkerchief more
If sinusitis gets worse after 7-10 days then:
Consult a general physician
Describe in detail about your symptoms
Take the prescribed medicines
If it stays for 1 month or more:
Immediately visit an infection disease specialist or immunologist.
CHILDREN SINUSITIS ANTIBIOTICS
FOR TODDLERS ( 6MONTHS OR LESS) – Acetaminophen is recommended and this is the only safest antibiotic for toddlers suffering from sinusitis.
FOR CHILDREN ( 1-2 YRS OR MORE ) – Along with Acetaminophen you can also give Ibuprofen.
SINUSITIS NASAL SPRAYS
Use internal steroid spray.
One of the effective sprays is Budesonide.
- Stuffy nose
- Repetitive Post nasal drip
- Facial swelling
Some bacteria and virus directly weaken the nose area and people suffering from allergies and less immune system, sinusitis is likely to happen in such.
Other Causes are:
- Less Humid climate
- More smoking
- Harmful drugs
1. Is Sinusitis contagious?
60-70% Sinusitis occurs due to the virus and if that’s the case with you then yes, it is contagious because it can easily spread. If it is due to bacteria or fungi then it doesn’t spread but perhaps stays in the affected person’s body for a longer period.
2. Why does Sinusitis occur?
It occurs by not following preventive measures such as not taking care of good hygiene, by eating food with unwashed hands and by staying near to the people who are already affected.
3. Which are the antibiotics for Sinusitis treatment?
Antibiotics such as Tylenol and Guaifenesin are best for virus infection. Amoxicillin and Augmentin are the best for bacterial infection.
4. For how many days does sinusitis last?
Minimum it lasts for 1 week and maximum more than 10 weeks.
5. Can Sinusitis cause breathing problems?
The chronic which stays for more time in the body have higher chances to cause breathing problems and may lead to extreme complications such as asthma or chronic bronchitis.
6. What nasal sprays can help to cure Sinusitis?
Nostrilla, Fluticasone, Dristan, beclomethasone, Mucinex and Mometasone are considered to be very effective.