What is Vitreous Detachment?
Vitreous Detachment which is also known as Posterior Vitreous Detachment is a condition that happens as we age or during adulthood, in which a part of the eye that is called the vitreous shrinks and separates off from the retina of the eye. A vitreous is generally a gel-like substance which fills the inside of the eyeball while the retina, on the other hand, is a light-sensing nerve layer that is present at the back of the eye.
These are few of the very often symptoms that a patient with the vitreous detachment has:
- Floaters (Which usually looks like cobwebs or specks that normally seem to float about in your field of vision)
- Flashes (Which are streaks of light at the side of a person’s vision)
Most patients usually experience Posterior Vitreous Detachment after the age of 60 which is usually non-sight threatening yet occasionally it affects vision more permanently during the time of complication causing retinal detachment or epiretinal membrane.
What causes Posterior Vitreous Detachment?
PVD eye normally happens as we age or during adulthood. And it is considered as the primary cause of vitreous detachment which happens due to normal wear and tears over the years. As we age, it thus becomes harder for the vitreous to maintain its real shape. Most of the time, people experience PVD eye or posterior vitreous detachment after the age of 60 though it can happen at an earlier age.
More about Treatment
Though people with Vitreous Degeneration conditions don't require treatment, it is important to consult your physician as a general rule of thumb when you start to experience any change in vision like the onset of floaters of flashes. The doctors normally do the following as part of the treatment:
Patients with the PVD eye will usually be diagnosed with a dilated eye examination by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) or Ocular Ultrasound especially when the PVD is very hard to see and requires additional testing if the vitreous gel is very clear.
Treatment and prognosis:
Vitreous degeneration in a person can sometimes become complicated and can turn out serious, requiring urgent treatment like a laser treatment for a retinal tear or surgery for the treatment of retinal detachment. However, it’s mostly rare. And due to the reason, one or more check-ups are required within 3 months just after the onset of PVD. In certain rare cases, the floaters in the PVD eye of the patient may still persist, where a vitrectomy surgery is recommended to remove the floaters at that scenario, which is proven to be most effective.
1. Who is at risk of having a vitreous eye?
Posterior Vitreous Detachment is a condition that is common among aged people and usually, the people over age 50 are more prone to it.
2. How does Posterior Vitreous Detachment affect the vision?
Generally, the condition does not affect the vision on its own yet in some cases, the fibers can pull very hard on the retina that it can cause a macular hole or maybe sometimes lead to a retinal detachment in the person’s eye.
3. How will my doctor check for vitreous detachment?
A dilated eye examination is the only way to diagnose and examine the cause of PVD eye in a person.
4. When to see a doctor?
Normally, it is best to visit a doctor in case you experience a sudden onset of flashes or floaters which is a sign of PVD eye symptoms.
5. Can Vitreous detachment lead to blindness?
Normally vitreous detachment doesn’t lead to blindness and doesn’t require treatment. However, rather than self-diagnosing it is best to visit a doctor for treatment.
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